Module 9.3 - Biological, Environmental, and Behavioural Influences on Intelligence Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Module 9.3 - Biological, Environmental, and Behavioural Influences on Intelligence Deck (19)
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1

heritability estimate

describes how much of the differences between people in a sample can be accounted for by differences in their genes

2

if everyone has the same environment are estimates high or low?

high, e.g., intelligence in wealthy people = 0.72

3

for heterogeneous groups are estimates high or low?

low because other factors could influence performance, e.g., intelligence in some poorer groups = 0.10

4

a study of the humane genome of 7000 people found a mere ___ markers that predicted cognitive ability. these markers only explained 1% of the variability

6

5

what are the 2 ways of manipulating genes?

1) gene knockout studies
2) transgenic animal studies

6

gene knockout studies

involve removing a specific gene and testing the effect of removing the gene by comparing animals without the gene to those that have it

7

transgenic animal studies

inserting genetic material into mouse chromosomes to study the changes associated with the new gene

8

doogie mice have an altered version of what gene?

NR2B gene, which is related to learning and memory

9

the average human brain weighs between _______ and ______ grams

1300 and 1400 grams

10

how much did einsteins brain weigh?

1230 grams

11

true or false: humans have more cortical folds than other species

true

12

true or false: neuroimaging studies noted that the higher the score on the WAIS, the less convolutions seen across several regions of the cortex

neuroimaging studies noted that the higher the score on the WAIS, the more convolutions seen across several regions of the cortex

13

true or false: most researchers agree that both heredity and environment do play a role

true

14

true or false: enriched environments with a lot of cognitive stimulation improve intelligence

true

15

what are the average IQ ratings of birth orders?

the IQs of first born children are on averge about 3 points higher than those of second born children and 4 pointd higher than those of third born childrn

16

what are 4 environment factors on IQ?

1) socioeconomic status
2) stress
3) nutrition
4) education

17

what is the meaning of nootropic substances

"affecting the mind"

18

what are nootropic substances

substances that are believed to beneficially affect intelligence

19

what does ritalin do?

boosts cognitive performance by blocking the reuptake of norepinephrine and dopamine