Flashcards in Module 6.1 - Classical Conditioning Deck (53)
a process by which behaviour or knowledge changes as a result of expreience
what are the 2 types of learning?
cognitive and associative
physiologist who won a Nobel Prize for his research on digestion
the sight of food producing salivation
what response did pavlov call psychic secretion?
the dogs sight of food produced salivation
learning that occurs when a neutral stimulus elicits a response that was originally caused by another stimulus
another name for classical conditioning?
what are the 5 element of classical conditioning?
1) unconditioned stimulus (US)
2) unconditioned response (UR)
3) Neutral Stimulus
4) Conditioned stimulus (CS)
5) Conditioned Response (CR)
a stimulus that elicits a reflexive response without learning
a reflexive, unlearned reaction to an unconditioned stimulus
give 3 examples of unconditioned responses
salivation, flinching, blinking
a stimulus that does not normally elicit a reflexive response
a once neutral stimulus that later elicits a response because it has a history of being paired with an unconditioned stimulus
the learned response that occurs to the conditioned stimulus
the conditioned stimulus must elicit a conditioned response in the absence of the __________ (e.g., food) for the conditioning to have occurred
true or false: during conditioning, weak synapses fire at the same time as related strong synapses
what does the simultaneous activity of the weak and strong synapses do?
strengthens the connections in the weaker synapse
what is the US, UR, NS, CS, and CR for: The TV commercial for mega burger shows a big delicious cheeseburger. a 50's rock and roll song is played during the commercial. you see the commercial several times, and now when the song is playing on the radio, you get hungry
unconditioned stimulus: cheeseburger
unconditioned response: hunger
neutral stimulus: song
conditioned stimulus: song
conditioned response: hunger
what is the initial phase of learning in which a response is established (e.g., salivating in response to a tone)
conditioned ______ helps predict that the unconditioned stimulus will appear
what will be acquired more quickly when the conditioned stimulus precedes the unconditioned stimulus
the conditioned response
what makes acquisition stronger?
if the CS and US are consistently present close together in time
what are the 2 stages of conditioning?
2) spontaneous recovery
the loss or weakening of a CR when a CS and US no longer occur together
what is an example of extinction?
if the tone is no longer a reliable predictor of food, then salivation becomes unnecessary
the reoccurrence of a previously extinguished conditioned response, typically after some time has passed since extinction
what are the 2 processes of conditioning?
1) stimulus generalization
2) stimulus discrimination
a process in which a response that originally occurs to a specific stimulus also occurs to different, though similar, stimuli
when an organism learns to respond to one original stimulus but not to new stimuli that may be similar to the original stimulus