Module 7.1 - Memory Sytems Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Module 7.1 - Memory Sytems Deck (65)
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1

memory

the capacity to retain and retrieve information

2

memory provides us with our sense of _____

identity

3

stores

retain information in memory without using it for any specific purpose

4

what is similar to a computers hard drive?

stores

5

control processes

shift information from one memory store to another

6

sensory memory

a memory store that accurately holds perceptual information for a very brief amount of time

7

iconic memory

500ms

8

echoic memory

5-10seconds

9

attention

a control process that selects which information will be transferred on to short-term memory

10

______ is often thought of as a 'spotlight'

attention

11

change blindness

change blindness paradigm demonstrates the rapid decay of sensory memory

12

short term memory

a memory store with limited capacity and a limited duration (less than a minute)

13

true or false: we cant measure the capacity of long term memory, but we can measure the capacity of short term memory

true

14

short term memory is compared to what? why?

a workbench with approx. 7 items on it. when a new item is put on the bench, another one falls off

15

the capacity of short term memory is ___ units

7 units

16

is there a way to increase the information stored in short term memory?

yes, through chunking

17

chunking

organizing smaller units of information into larger, more meaningful units

18

encoding

the transferring of information from short term memory to long term memory

19

long term memory

a memory store that holds information for extended periods of time, if not permanently

20

true or false: long term memory has capacity limitations

FALSE: long term memory has no capacity limitations

21

serial position effect

the tendency for people to recall the first few items from a list and the last few items, but only an item or 2 from the middle

22

what 2 things does serial position effect consist of?

primary effect and recency effect

23

proactive interference

a process in which the first information learned occupy memory, leaving fewer resources left to remember the newer information

24

retroactive interference

when the most recently learned information overshadows some older memories that have not made it into long term memory

25

rehearsal

repeating information until you do not need to remember it anymore

26

working memory

a model of short term remembering that includes a combination of memory components that can temporarily store small amounts of information for a short period of time

27

phronological loop

a storage component of working memory that relies on rehearsal and that stores information as sounds, or as an auditory code

28

visuospatial sketchpad

a storage component of working memory that maintains visual images and spatial layouts in a visuospatial code

29

we use _______ to chunk visual information

feature blinding

30

episodic buffer

a storage component of working memory that combines the images and sounds from the other 2 components into coherent, story-like episodes