Flashcards in Module 7.1 - Memory Sytems Deck (65)
the capacity to retain and retrieve information
memory provides us with our sense of _____
retain information in memory without using it for any specific purpose
what is similar to a computers hard drive?
shift information from one memory store to another
a memory store that accurately holds perceptual information for a very brief amount of time
a control process that selects which information will be transferred on to short-term memory
______ is often thought of as a 'spotlight'
change blindness paradigm demonstrates the rapid decay of sensory memory
short term memory
a memory store with limited capacity and a limited duration (less than a minute)
true or false: we cant measure the capacity of long term memory, but we can measure the capacity of short term memory
short term memory is compared to what? why?
a workbench with approx. 7 items on it. when a new item is put on the bench, another one falls off
the capacity of short term memory is ___ units
is there a way to increase the information stored in short term memory?
yes, through chunking
organizing smaller units of information into larger, more meaningful units
the transferring of information from short term memory to long term memory
long term memory
a memory store that holds information for extended periods of time, if not permanently
true or false: long term memory has capacity limitations
FALSE: long term memory has no capacity limitations
serial position effect
the tendency for people to recall the first few items from a list and the last few items, but only an item or 2 from the middle
what 2 things does serial position effect consist of?
primary effect and recency effect
a process in which the first information learned occupy memory, leaving fewer resources left to remember the newer information
when the most recently learned information overshadows some older memories that have not made it into long term memory
repeating information until you do not need to remember it anymore
a model of short term remembering that includes a combination of memory components that can temporarily store small amounts of information for a short period of time
a storage component of working memory that relies on rehearsal and that stores information as sounds, or as an auditory code
a storage component of working memory that maintains visual images and spatial layouts in a visuospatial code
we use _______ to chunk visual information