Module 14.1 - Health Psychology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Module 14.1 - Health Psychology Deck (77)
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1

what were the most common causes of death in the early 1900s?

influenza, pneumona, tuberculosis, measles, and other contagious diseases

2

what were the most common causes of death in the 2000s?

tobacco use, alcohol use, obesity and inactivity

3

health psychologists

researchers who study both the positive and negative effects that humans behaviour and decisions have on their health, survival and well-being

4

___% of all deaths in Canada over the past decade were due to smoking-related illnesses

21%

5

life expectancies are __-__ shorter for smokers

7-14

6

tobacco use causes an estimated ______ deaths worldwide each year

5 million

7

4 factors leading to smoking

1) family members who smoke
2) culture
3) impulsive personality characteristics
4) socioeconomic status

8

using psychology to reduce smoking

- bans on smoking in restaurants and many public places
- steep taxes
- warning labels

9

negative consequences associated with obesity

cardiovascular disease, diabetes, osteoarthritis (degeneration of bone an cartilage material), and some forms of cancer

10

obesity rates in western countries in 1978 = ___

14%

11

obesity rates in western
countries in 2007 = ____

24%

12

4 obesity causes that aren't your fault.

- antibiotics given to livestock to fatten them up, and us up
- livestock are given drugs to fatten them up
- some antibiotics and artificial sweeteners found in products can lead to obesity
some artificial sweeteners slow metabolism

13

set point

a hypothesized mechanism that serves to maintain body weight around a physiologically programmed level

14

sedentary lifestyle

watching tv was correlated with obesity

15

social factors associated with obesity

- family
- food advertisements
- branding food packages with licensed characters increases 4-6 year olds taste preferences and snack selection

16

appetite supressants alone rarely help people permanently lose weight. several other factors influence weight loss such as?

- other genes and body chemicals
- hormones that regulate hunger
- receptors in nose, mouth and stomach regulate eating
- cognitive factors such as conditioning

17

_____ have one of the highest rates of obesity in the world

pima indians

18

____ have higher rates of obesity (and type II diabetes) than other Canadians

Inuit

19

poverty is associated with reduced control over ones environment because of what 6 factors

1) increased risk of heart disease
2) increased rates of depression and anxiety
3) increased stress levels
4) poorer nutrition
5) reduced control over health care options
6) fewer educational opportunities

20

social contagion

the often subtle, unintentional spreading of a behaviour as a result of social interactions

21

stress

a psychological and physiological reaction that occurs when perceived demands exceed existing resources to meet those demands

22

stressors

an event, item, or experience that causes a stress response

23

the process of stress

1) stressors
2) stress mediators
3) stress responses

24

appraisal

the cognitive act of assessing and evaluating the potential threat and demands of an event

25

6 common stressors

1) work-related problems
2) environment
3)bereavement and loss
4) poverty, powerlessness, and racism
5) recent immigration
6) relationships

26

3 measures of stress

1) physiological measures
2) social measures
3) psychological measures

27

physiological measures of stress

sweating, heart rate, blood pressure

28

galvanic responses

sweating

29

social measures

statistics about violent acts, divorce rates, number of career changes

30

psychological measures

daily "stress diaries" and/or surveys