Module 5.2 - Altered Consciousness Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Module 5.2 - Altered Consciousness Deck (30)
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1

hypnosis

a procedure of inducing a heightened state of suggestibility

2

True or False: Hypnosis is a trance

FALSE: hypnosis is NOT a trance

3

what are the 3 types of suggestions given by a hypnotist?

1) Ideomotor Suggestions
2) Challenge Suggestions
3) Cognitive-Perceptual Suggestions

4

Ideomotor Suggestions

Related to specific actions that could be performed (e.g. put your left arm up in the air)

5

Challenge Suggestions

indicate actions that are not to be performed (e.g. dont touch the flood - its lava!)

6

Cognitive-Perceptual Suggestions

involve a subject remembering or forgetting specific information, or experiencing altered perceptions such as educed pain sensations

7

hypnosis is a unique state in which consciousness is divided into 2 parts. What are these 2 parts?

1) an observer
2) hidden observer

8

social-cognitive theory

explains hypnosis by emphasizing the degree to which beliefs and expectations contribute to increased suggestibility

9

what does executive processing influence?

executive processing influences peoples expectations

10

Meditation

any procedure that involves a shift in consciousness to a state in which an individual is highly focused, aware and in control of mental processes

11

focused attention (FA) meditation

focusing attention on an object or feeling

12

what is activated through FA meditation?

areas of the brain related to attentional control - the frontal and parietal lobes

13

Open monitoring (OM) meditation

after initial training with FA meditation, meditators learn to pay attention to the moment-by-moment sensations without focusing on any particular object

14

what is activated through OM meditation?

activates brain structures involved with disengaging attention and on awareness of bodily states

15

what does meditation improve?

attentional control (one of our executive functions) and helps us remove ourselves from our own "stories" or self-focused, narratives

16

mindfulness-based stress reduction

MBSR programs teach and promote mindfulness meditation as a way of improving
well-being and reducing negative experiences

17

what other 3 things are MBSR used for?

depression, some psychiatric disorders and pain

18

brain death

a condition in which the brain, specifically including the brainstem, no longer functions

19

coma

a state marked by a complete loss of consciousness

20

patients who are in a coma have an absence of both _______ and ________ of themseleves or their surroundings

wakefulness, awareness

21

what are the 2 types of vegetative states?

1) persistent vegetative state
2) permanent vegetative state

22

Persistent vegetative state

a state of minimal to no consciousness in which the patients eyes may be open, and the individual will develop sleep-wake cycles without clear signs of consciousness

23

where is the brain damage of persistent vegetative person?

extensive brain damage to the grey matter and white matter of both hemispheres

24

permanent vegetative state

when symptoms of persistent vegetative state do not improve after 3 months

25

what did Owen and colleagues find about vegetative patients?

found that some vegetative patients (5/54) could respond to verbal instructions

26

minimally conscious state (MCS)

a disordered state of consciousness marked by the ability to show some behaviours that suggest at least partial consciousness, even if on an inconsistent basis

27

locked-in syndrome

a disorder in which the patient is aware and awake, but because of an inability to move his or her body, appears unconscious

28

what is locked-in syndrome caused by?

damage to part of the pons

29

True or false: most patients with locked-in syndrome remain paralyzed

true

30

who was once thought of as a "lost cause"

patients with locked-in syndrome