Psychological Disorders Part 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Psychological Disorders Part 2 Deck (46)
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1

list 6 types of therapy

1) psychodynamic
2) Freudian
3) Family/Systems
4) Psychosurgery
5) Psychopharmacotherapy
6) cognitive/behavioural

2

psychoanalysis

a method of psychotherapy developed by freud that emphasizes the exploration of unconscious motives and conflicts

3

2 types of psychoanalysis

free association and dream analysis

4

resistance

when treatment brings up unconscious material that the client wishes to avoid, and the client engages in strategies for keeping the information out of conscious awareness

5

transference

when clients direct the emotional experiences that they are reliving toward the therapist rather than toward the original person involved in the experience (e.g, parents)

6

humanist therapy

based on the assumption that people seek self-actualization and self-fulfillment
- emphasizes peoples feelings and thoughts in the present moment, not past conflicts

7

client-centred (nondirective) therapy

- developed by carl rogers
- focuses on individuals ability to solve their own problems and reach their full potential

8

family therapy

probelms develop in the context of family and are sustained by the dynamics of the family; any changes made will affect all members of the family

9

psychogsurgery

any surgical procedure that destroys selected areas of the brain believed to be involved in emotional disorders or violent, impulsive behaviour

10

lobotomies

-Jacobsen et al. found that removing the frontal lobes of a chimpanzee made the animal friendly and mellow

11

psycopharmacotherapy

the use of drugs to attempt to manage or reduce a clients symptoms

12

behavioural therapy

based on the principles of conditioning and assumes that human behaviour is learned and can be unlearned

13

cognitive-behavioural therapy

seeks to improve peoples functioning by changing how they thing and what they believe about situations

14

mindfullness-based cognitive therapy

cognitive-behavioural therapy combiend with minfulness training

15

true or false: individuals who take antidepessants without learning to cope with problems are more likely to relapse

true

16

personality disorders

particularly unusual patterns of behaviour that are maladaptive, distressing to oneself or others and resistant to change

17

are personality disorders easy or hard to treat?

personality disorders are difficult to treat

18

description of cluster A personality disorders

odd/eccentric

19

3 cluster A personality disorders

1) paranoid
2) schizoid
3) Schizotypal

20

Paranoid Personality Disorder

a pattern of distrust and suspiciousness such that others motives are interpreted as malevolent

21

schizoid personality disorder

a pattern of detachment from social relationships and a restricted range of emotional expression

22

schizotypal personality disorder

a pattern of acute discomfort in social relationships, cognitive or perceptual distortions and eccentricities of behaviour

23

description of cluster B personality disorders

dramatic/erratic

24

4 cluster B personality disorders

1) Antisocial
2) borderline
3) Histrionic
4) Narcissistic

25

borderline personality disorder

a disorder characterized by intense extremes between positive and negative emotions, an unstable sense of self, impulsivity and difficult social relationships

26

P.R.A.I.S.E (borderline personality disorder)

P - paranoid ideas
R - relationship instability
A - Angry outbursts, affective instability, abandonment feats
I - impulsive behaviour, identity disturbance
S - suicidal behaviour
E - emptiness

27

causes of Borderline personality disorder

- genetics
- abusive or neglectful parenting
- brain abnormalities related to aggression and emotional regulation

28

borderline personality disorder is sometimes treated with _________

dialectical behavioural therapy (individual cognitive therapy)

29

Narcissistic Personality disorder

a disorder characterized by an inflated sens of self-important and an exessive need for attention and admiration, as well as intense self-doubt and fear of abandonment

30

histrionic personality disorder

a disorder characterized by excessive attention seeking and dramatic behaviour