Flashcards in Overview of Micronutrients Deck (43)
Which food is said to be the new superfood?
What is a carbon-containing substances needed in large amounts by the body for energy ?
What is needed in small amounts by the body?
What are the 2 different types of micronutrients?
Vitamins and Minerals
What are carbon-containing larger molecules?
Are vitamins essential?
Why are vitamins essential?
They can’t be synthesized by body
Which vitamin isn't considered to be essential?
Are people likely to experience toxicity from food sources of vitamins?
Why aren't people likely to experience toxicity from food sources of vitamins?
It’s hard to reach the upper limit
When do people suffer toxicity symptoms from food sources of vitamins?
When their intakes exceed the upper limit
What are minerals?
Are minerals essential?
What are the 3 categories of minerals?
What are 3 examples of major minerals that are major cellular ions?
Sodium, potassium, and chloride
What type of minerals are the most abundant minerals in the body?
What are the 7 major factors that affect the bioavailability of minerals?
3. Genetic Variables
4. Nutritional Status
5. Other Dietary Components
6. Prescription Drugs
7. Fiber Content of Diet
Are minerals better absorbed from animal or plant foods?
Why are minerals better absorbed from animal foods?
It's easier to get it from your intestine
Give an example of plant foods that contain chemicals that affect mineral absorption.
How does phytic acid and oxalic acid affect mineral absorption?
They decrease the absorption of Calcium, Magnesium and Iron
How does the body’s need for a mineral affect the absorption of that mineral?
Your body adapts the amount you absorb based on how much you need
How does fiber affect mineral absorption?
It binds to them and get in the way of absorption
What are the two categories of vitamins?
Fat soluble and water soluble
Which type of vitamins are not found in food?
Where are fat soluble vitamins found?
In the fat content of food
Are fat soluble vitamins or water soluble vitamins more likely to have toxicity?
Fat soluble vitamins are more likely to have toxicity
Why are water soluble vitamins less likely to have toxicity?
They are not stored in the body
How are water soluble vitamins released?