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Flashcards in Overview of Micronutrients Deck (43)
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1

Which food is said to be the new superfood?

Raw liver

2

What is a carbon-containing substances needed in large amounts by the body for energy ?

Macronutrients

3

What is needed in small amounts by the body?

Micronutrients

4

What are the 2 different types of micronutrients?

Vitamins and Minerals

5

What are carbon-containing larger molecules?

Vitamins

6

Are vitamins essential?

Yes

7

Why are vitamins essential?

They can’t be synthesized by body

8

Which vitamin isn't considered to be essential?

Vitamin D

9

Are people likely to experience toxicity from food sources of vitamins?

No

10

Why aren't people likely to experience toxicity from food sources of vitamins?

It’s hard to reach the upper limit

11

When do people suffer toxicity symptoms from food sources of vitamins?

When their intakes exceed the upper limit

12

What are minerals?

Salt

13

Are minerals essential?

Yes

14

What are the 3 categories of minerals?

1. Major
2. Trace
3. Ultratrace

15

What are 3 examples of major minerals that are major cellular ions?

Sodium, potassium, and chloride

16

What type of minerals are the most abundant minerals in the body?

Major minerals

17

What are the 7 major factors that affect the bioavailability of minerals?

1. Age
2. Gender
3. Genetic Variables
4. Nutritional Status
5. Other Dietary Components
6. Prescription Drugs
7. Fiber Content of Diet

18

Are minerals better absorbed from animal or plant foods?

Animal Foods

19

Why are minerals better absorbed from animal foods?

It's easier to get it from your intestine

20

Give an example of plant foods that contain chemicals that affect mineral absorption.

Iron

21

How does phytic acid and oxalic acid affect mineral absorption?

They decrease the absorption of Calcium, Magnesium and Iron

22

How does the body’s need for a mineral affect the absorption of that mineral?

Your body adapts the amount you absorb based on how much you need

23

How does fiber affect mineral absorption?

It binds to them and get in the way of absorption

24

What are the two categories of vitamins?

Fat soluble and water soluble

25

Which type of vitamins are not found in food?

Water soluble

26

Where are fat soluble vitamins found?

In the fat content of food

27

Are fat soluble vitamins or water soluble vitamins more likely to have toxicity?

Fat soluble vitamins are more likely to have toxicity

28

Why are water soluble vitamins less likely to have toxicity?

They are not stored in the body

29

How are water soluble vitamins released?

Through urination

30

Which form of vitamins and minerals are incomplete?

Synthetic form