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Flashcards in Evolution of the Human Diet Deck (28)
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1

What are substances obtained from food that are vital for growth and maintenance of a healthy body throughout life?

Nutrients

2

Do we need large or small quantities of macronutrients per day?

We need large

3

Do we need large or small quantities of micronutrients per day?

We need small

4

Do macronutrients or micronutrients supply energy to the body?

Macronutrients

5

List some examples of macronutrients

Carbohydrates, fat and protein

6

List some examples of micronutrients

Vitamins and minerals

7

What is a nutrient that must be obtained through the diet in order for the body to function properly?

An Essential Nutrient

8

Can the body produce essential nutrients?

No

9

What is the ratio derived by dividing a food’s micronutrient content by its calorie content?

Nutrient Density

10

What is a comparison of the calorie content of a food with the weight of the food?

Energy Density

11

Which foods are considered energy dense?

The foods with the highest calories that weigh the least

12

What is the most extensive study of the human diet?

The history of man

13

Who conducted the history of man?

Weston A. Price

14

What is the scientific name for bipedal ape?

Hominid

15

What is our closest living primate relative?

Chimpanzee

16

What are the 3 vital nutrients to brain development?

DHA, EPA, and Cholesterol

17

How long ago did we transition to agriculture?

10,000 years ago

18

What are the 3 advantages of agriculture?

1. Larger population
2. Long term food supply
3. People were prepared for challenging times

19

What are 4 disadvantages of agriculture?

1. More demand on environment
2. Pollution and overcrowding
3. Smaller Brain size
4. Malnutrition

20

List 4 foods that are agricultural foods

1. Cereal grains
2. Potatoes
3. Soy and beans
4. Dairy

21

List examples of cereal grains

Corn, wheat, rice, oats, and barley

22

List 5 examples of industrial foods

1. Refined sugars
2. Refined grains
3. Industrial Seed Oils
4. Hydrogenated Oils
5. High fructose corn syrup

23

List examples of refined sugars

Sugar cane and beet sugar

24

List an example of refined grains

White flour

25

List examples of industrial seed oil

Canola oil, corn oil, soybean oil, safflower oil

26

List examples of hydrogenated oils

Margarine and vegetable shortening

27

How long ago did we start eating industrial food?

200 years ago

28

What percentage of our modern diet consists of foods we have only been eating for the blink of an eye on an evolutionary scale?

70%