Flashcards in Evolution of the Human Diet Deck (28)
What are substances obtained from food that are vital for growth and maintenance of a healthy body throughout life?
Do we need large or small quantities of macronutrients per day?
We need large
Do we need large or small quantities of micronutrients per day?
We need small
Do macronutrients or micronutrients supply energy to the body?
List some examples of macronutrients
Carbohydrates, fat and protein
List some examples of micronutrients
Vitamins and minerals
What is a nutrient that must be obtained through the diet in order for the body to function properly?
An Essential Nutrient
Can the body produce essential nutrients?
What is the ratio derived by dividing a food’s micronutrient content by its calorie content?
What is a comparison of the calorie content of a food with the weight of the food?
Which foods are considered energy dense?
The foods with the highest calories that weigh the least
What is the most extensive study of the human diet?
The history of man
Who conducted the history of man?
Weston A. Price
What is the scientific name for bipedal ape?
What is our closest living primate relative?
What are the 3 vital nutrients to brain development?
DHA, EPA, and Cholesterol
How long ago did we transition to agriculture?
10,000 years ago
What are the 3 advantages of agriculture?
1. Larger population
2. Long term food supply
3. People were prepared for challenging times
What are 4 disadvantages of agriculture?
1. More demand on environment
2. Pollution and overcrowding
3. Smaller Brain size
List 4 foods that are agricultural foods
1. Cereal grains
3. Soy and beans
List examples of cereal grains
Corn, wheat, rice, oats, and barley
List 5 examples of industrial foods
1. Refined sugars
2. Refined grains
3. Industrial Seed Oils
4. Hydrogenated Oils
5. High fructose corn syrup
List examples of refined sugars
Sugar cane and beet sugar
List an example of refined grains
List examples of industrial seed oil
Canola oil, corn oil, soybean oil, safflower oil
List examples of hydrogenated oils
Margarine and vegetable shortening
How long ago did we start eating industrial food?
200 years ago