Flashcards in Nutrients in Bone Health Part 2 Deck (56)
What is a water-based fluid that moves through circulatory system?
What does blood transport to every cell?
What does blood pick up for excretion out of the body?
What are the 3 roles of blood?
1. Transports nutrients to every cell in the body
2. Picks up cellular waste for excretion out of the body
3. Transports signaling molecules
What are the 3 main cell types found in blood?
1. Red blood cells
2. White blood cells
What are cell particulates that aid in blood clotting?
What are white blood cells?
What is another name for red blood cells?
Where in the body are the various cells of the blood made?
The bone marrow
Which type of cell serves as a precursor to blood cells?
Bone marrow stem cells
Do stem cells have the potential to develop into any type of cell?
What is the primary function of red blood cells?
Carrying oxygen from the lungs to the tissues
What is the secondary function of red blood cells?
Carrying carbon dioxide from the tissues to the lungs
What is the main protein found in RBCs?
Why is the hemoglobin protein important for the function of the RBC?
It's responsible for carrying oxygen and carbon dioxide
What 2 main processes that must happen in order to make new RBCs?
1. Hemoglobin must be produced
2. The cells need to divide rapidly
Which vitamins and minerals are important for hemoglobin production?
Iron and Vitamin B6
What is very important for rapidly dividing cells?
What cycle produces nucleotides necessary for DNA synthesis?
Which vitamins are important in the folate cycle?
Vitamin B12 and Riboflavin
Do healthy red blood cells have a normal size and normal color?
What abnormally sized/colored RBCs indicate?
Different types of anemia
Is it easy for us to get rid of excess iron?
What is the role of copper in iron transport in the body?
It's a cofactor in 3 different enzymes
What types of food is heme iron found in?
What percentage of non-heme iron is absorbed?
What percentage of heme iron is absorbed?
Why is it hard to get rid of excess iron?
It's not excreted through urination
What is a genetic disease that increases iron absorption?