Flashcards in Proteins Deck (68)
What represent a diverse array of nitrogenous molecules in the body?
What molecules is protein made up of?
Carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, and nitrogen
Does protein contain sulfur
Yes, but only occasionally
What are the building blocks of proteins?
Do carbs contain nitrogen?
Do lipids contain nitrogen?
Do proteins contain nitrogen?
What is a type of pepsin that has two amino acids linked together?
What is a type of pepsin that has three amino acids linked together?
What is a type of pepsin that has a small number (5-50) of amino acids linked together?
What is a type of pepsin that has more than 50 amino acids linked together?
What is a type of pepsin that has one or more polypeptides with complex structure?
How many amino acids make up all proteins?
How many essential amino acids are there?
Can essential amino acids be synthesized by the body?
Can nonessential amino acids be synthesized by the body?
What is an essential amino acid in lowest concentration in food or diet relative to body needs?
Limiting amino acid
What is the most satiating (filling) of all the macronutrients?
What are the different food sources of animal protein?
Dairy, meat, eggs, and fish
What are the different food sources of plant proteins?
Beans, nuts and grains
What are 3 factors of animal foods?
1. High quality
2. Highly digestible
3. Higher in fat
What are 3 factors of plant foods?
1. Low quality
2. Less digestible
3. Higher in carbs
What are the 2 factors that make a protein high quality?
1. They have complete proteins
2. They have sufficient amounts of the essential amino acids
What do incomplete proteins require?
Which types of protein are the most digestible?
Dairy and meat
Which types of protein are the least digestible?
Foods that require cooking and other types of processing
What is the source range for the least digestible proteins?
What are the components in foods that cause allergies ?
What is an inappropriate immune response to a food protein that is often severe and can even be fatal?