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Flashcards in Nutrition for Pregnancy Deck (51)
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1

What is the inability of a couple to conceive after 1 year of unprotected intercourse?

Infertility

2

What is the most common cause of infertility?

Nutrient deficiencies

3

Is the nutritional status of the father as important as that of the mother?

Yes

4

How does nutrition affect fertility?

It affects the levels of hormones involved in reproduction and the viability of the egg or sperm

5

How does alcohol affect fertility?

It decreases estrogen and testosterone production

6

Why should we consider ancestral diets for fertility?

Having healthy babies was necessary for the community’s long term survival

7

How do we know that the diets of our ancestors was good for fertility and producing healthy babies?

They focused on developing health rather than treating disease

8

What are some examples of special foods that women would eat before becoming pregnant?

Buffalo intestine, milk, lobster crab and water hyacinth

9

Why is it so important for mothers to have a good diet before pregnancy?

Much of the critical development takes place before a woman even knows she’s pregnant

10

What is the development origins of disease theory?

It says that a mother’s nutritional status will affect health of the infant before and after birth

11

Does a mother’s diet before and during pregnancy affect the health of the baby?

Yes

12

Does a mother’s diet before and during pregnancy affect the baby's health as they become an adult?

Yes

13

What is the normal length of pregnancy?

37-40 weeks

14

What is the organ that develops in the mother’s uterus to support fetal growth?

The placenta

15

What important functions does the placenta have for the baby in the womb?

It serves as baby’s lungs, kidneys, GI tract

16

Does a healthy placenta mean a healthy baby?

Yes

17

What is a natural terminations of pregnancy resulting from genetic defect or fatal error in development ?

A spontaneous abortion

18

When during pregnancy does a spontaneous abortion generally occur?

The 1st trimester

19

Why does a spontaneous abortion occur?

Toxin exposure and poor nutritional status

20

How long is each trimester?

14 weeks

21

What happens 30 hours into the reproductive process?

The fertilized egg divides into two cells

22

How many weeks into the reproductive process do people find out that they are pregnant?

8 weeks

23

What happens 4 days into the reproductive process?

The cell number reaches 128

24

What happens 14 days into the reproductive process?

The bundle of cells becomes an embryo

25

What happens 35 days into the reproductive process?

Heart beating, eyes and limb buds are clearly visible

26

What happens 8 weeks into the reproductive process?

The embryo is now a fetus

27

What happens 13 weeks into the reproductive process?

Most organs are formed and the fetus can move

28

During which trimester does a nutritional deficiency affect a mother’s ability to breastfeed?

The 2nd trimester

29

Is the baby susceptible to toxic exposure during the 2nd trimester?

Yes

30

The female's body starts to prepare for lactation and production of breast milk during which trimester?

The 2nd trimester