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Flashcards in Carbohydrates Deck (94)
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1

Do simple carbs or complex carbs taste sweet?

Simple carbs taste sweet

2

Do simple carbs or complex carbs not taste sweet?

Complex carbs don't taste sweet

3

What is a simple sugar that is not broken down further during digestion?

Monosaccharide

4

List 3 types of monosaccharides

1. Glucose
2. Fructose
3. Galactose

5

What are sugars that are formed by the chemical bonding of 2 monosaccharides?

Disaccharides

6

What is a disaccharides that is found in table salt?

Sucrose

7

What is a disaccharides that is made from the breakdown of starch?

Maltose

8

What is a disaccharides that is found in milk?

Lactose

9

What two monosaccharides combine to form sucrose?

Glucose and fructose

10

What two monosaccharides combine to form maltose?

Glucose and glucose

11

What two monosaccharides combine to form lactose?

Glucose and galactose

12

What are like simple carbs, but have more sugar?

Complex carbs

13

What is a complex carb that contains many glucose units?

Polysaccharides

14

List the 3 types of complex carbs

1. Starches
2. Fibers
3. Glycogen

15

What two complex carbs are made from plants?

Starches and fibers

16

Which complex carb is made from animals?

Glycogen

17

Have we been consuming fruits and vegetables throughout our history or only for a short period of time?

We have been consuming them throughout our history

18

Have we been consuming fruit juice throughout our history or only for a short period of time?

We have been consuming it for only a short period of time

19

What type of carbs are in vegetables?

Starches and fibers

20

What type of carbs are in fruits?

Sucrose, fructose and fiber

21

What type of fruits have starch in them?

Unripe fruits

22

What 2 contents are fruits and vegetables high in?

Water and vitamins

23

What 2 things are fruits and vegetables low in?

Calories and fat

24

Are fruits nutrient dense?

Yes

25

The majority of carbs in the standard American diet come from what?

Grains

26

What nutrients are missing from refined grains?

Vitamins and fiber

27

What is the removal of bran and germ from the grains?

Milling

28

Does milling help to get rid of a grains chemical defenses?

No

29

What types of processing did we use when we first started to consume grains?

Fermentation and soaking/sprouting

30

What are most dairy products made from?

Pasteurized cow milk