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Flashcards in Human Body Deck (88)
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1

What is involved in every process that occurs in the body?

Nutrients

2

What is the group of chemical reactions occurring in cells that maintain life?

Metabolism

3

What are reactions that serve to build larger molecules from smaller molecules?

Anabolic

4

Does anabolic require energy or release energy?

It requires energy

5

What are reactions that serve to break down larger molecules into smaller molecules?

Catabolic

6

Does catabolic require energy or release energy?

It releases energy

7

What allows the immune system and it's major cells to move?

The Lymphatic System

8

What are the 3 major parts of the Lymphatic System?

The lymph, lymph vessels and nodes

9

What is one of the first things to be shut down in cases of nutrient insufficiency?

The Immune System

10

What provides a defense against pathogens?

The Immune System

11

What are the 6 major parts of the Immune System?

White blood cells, liver, spleen, thymus, bone marrow, lymphatics

12

What can be greatly influenced by nutritional status?

The Immune System

13

What are the 3 major parts of the Endocrine System?

The glands, pancreas, hypothalamus in the brain

14

What produces insulin and glucagon to regulate blood sugar?

The Endocrine

15

What produces digestive enzymes?

The Exocrine

16

What does the Endocrine System do?

It regulates metabolism, growth, reproduction and many other systems

17

The Endocrine System regulates metabolism, growth, reproduction and many other systems using what?

Hormonal Control

18

What are the 5 major parts of the Digestive System?

Mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine

19

What are the 3 primary functions of the Digestive System?

1. Physical and chemical processes of digestion
2. Absorption of nutrients
3. Elimination of solid waste

20

What does the Digestive System start with?

Chewing

21

What is the mechanical breakdown of large food pieces?

Chewing

22

What breaks down starches in the Digestive System?

Salivary amylase

23

What breaks down fats in the Digestive System?

Lingual lipase

24

What are the 5 taste receptor types?

Bitter, salty, sweet, sour and umami (savory)

25

What is the valve to our lungs called?

The Epiglottis

26

What uses muscular contractions to transport food to the stomach?

The Esophagus

27

What are large molecules that makes chemical reactions occur at a fast rate?

Enzymes

28

What is the starting material that the enzyme binds to called?

The Substrate

29

What is the ending material that the enzyme makes and releases called?

The Product

30

What does an Enzyme name always end in?

Ase