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Flashcards in Cardiovascular Disease Deck (17)
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1

What is the leading cause of death in America?

Cardiovascular Disease

2

What is the process by which plaque builds up in the walls of arteries called?

Atherosclerosis

3

What is the death of part of heart muscle?

Myocardial infarction

4

What is another name for myocardial infarction?

A heart attack

5

What is the death of part of brain tissue due to a blood clot?

Cerebrovascular accident

6

What is another name for cerebrovascular accident?

also termed a stroke

7

What is a cholesterol-rich substance deposited in blood vessels?

Atherosclerotic Plaque

8

What are 7 lifestyle factors that increase risk of heart disease?

1. Smoking
2. Hypertension
3. Diabetes
4. Advanced age
5. Family history
6. Obesity
7. Inactivity

9

Are risk factors and causes the same thing?

No

10

What are the 4 hypotheses as to the cause of cardiovascular disease?

1. Saturated Fat and Cholesterol
2. Hydrogenation and Trans Fatty Acids
3. Omega-6 Fatty Acids
4. Insulin Theory

11

What is the process of turning a liquid vegetable oil into a solid?

Hydrogenation

12

What are population based studies of associations between risk factor incidence and disease outcome?

Epidemiological studies

13

Do epidemiological studies prove causation?

No

14

What is a byproduct of hydrogenation?

Trans Fatty Acids

15

Why are fats hydrogenated?

It increases the shelf life of food products

16

What types of fats are hydrogenated?

Unsaturated fat

17

What foods contain hydrogenated oils?

Margarine and shortening