Flashcards in Cardiovascular Disease Deck (17)
What is the leading cause of death in America?
What is the process by which plaque builds up in the walls of arteries called?
What is the death of part of heart muscle?
What is another name for myocardial infarction?
A heart attack
What is the death of part of brain tissue due to a blood clot?
What is another name for cerebrovascular accident?
also termed a stroke
What is a cholesterol-rich substance deposited in blood vessels?
What are 7 lifestyle factors that increase risk of heart disease?
4. Advanced age
5. Family history
Are risk factors and causes the same thing?
What are the 4 hypotheses as to the cause of cardiovascular disease?
1. Saturated Fat and Cholesterol
2. Hydrogenation and Trans Fatty Acids
3. Omega-6 Fatty Acids
4. Insulin Theory
What is the process of turning a liquid vegetable oil into a solid?
What are population based studies of associations between risk factor incidence and disease outcome?
Do epidemiological studies prove causation?
What is a byproduct of hydrogenation?
Trans Fatty Acids
Why are fats hydrogenated?
It increases the shelf life of food products
What types of fats are hydrogenated?