Flashcards in Energy Balance Deck (37)
What is the point where energy intake = energy expended?
What is the point where energy intake > energy expended?
Positive energy balance
What does positive energy balance result in?
What is the point where energy intake < energy expended?
Negative energy balance
What does negative energy balance result in?
How many calories are in a pound of fat?
What are the 4 nutrients in the diet that contribute calories?
Fat, alcohol, carbs and protein
What are the 3 main components of energy expenditure? (things our bodies use energy for)
1. Basal metabolism
2. Thermic effect of food
3. Physical activity
Fill in the Blank:
Average adult is __ pounds heavier than just 10 years ago
What is the minimal amount of calories body uses to support itself in a fasting state when resting and awake in warm, quiet environment?
Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR)
What is the BMR energy used for in the body?
Maintaining your heartbeat, respiration and body temperature
What percent of our daily calories do we usually need for BMR?
What is the energy spent on digesting food?
Thermic effect of food
What is the energy spent on physical activity?
Thermic effect of activity
What percent of our daily calories do we need for thermic effect of food?
What percent of our daily calories do we need for thermic effect of activity?
What is the estimated BMR for a female?
What is the estimated BMR for a male?
What is the formula to find you BMI?
Weight(kg) / height^2(m)
What is the most accurate indicators of overall health?
Body fat percentage
Is upper-body obesity common in men or women?
Is lower-body obesity common in men or women?
What is a chronic disease that requires lifestyle changes?
What are 5 guidelines to help reduce calorie intake?
1. Know the average caloric needed per day
2. Low-fat, high-fiber approaches
3. No diet has a “metabolic advantage”
4. Read and use food labels
5. Control hunger
What are 3 guidelines to increase energy expenditure?
1. Regular physical activity
2. Add weight resistance/strength training
3. Limit screen time
If you eat less food what happens to your energy level?
If you exercise more what happens to your food intake?
Are people lazy and glutinous because of these inherent physiological drives?
What is the first law of thermodynamics?
Energy can never be created nor destroyed