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Flashcards in Nutrients in Energy Metabolism Deck (59)
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1

Which class of vitamins is the most important for energy metabolism?

Vitamin B

2

Is vitamin B a fat soluble or a water soluble?

It's a water soluble

3

How is vitamin B excreted from the body?

Stool and urination

4

How much of vitamin B is stored in the body?

Very little is stored in the body

5

Which tissue types are most affected by a vitamin B deficiency?

The brain, skin, nervous system and GI systems

6

Which population is most likely to develop deficiency diseases related to vitamin B?

Americans

7

What process reduces the vitamin content of foods?

Manufacturing and refining

8

Which mineral is the most important for energy metabolism?

Iodide

9

What is the vitamin B of the TTP coenzyme in metabolism?

Thiamin

10

What is the vitamin B of the FAD/FMN coenzyme in metabolism?

Riboflavin

11

What is the vitamin B of the NAD/NADP coenzyme in metabolism?

Niacin

12

What is the vitamin B of the PLP coenzyme in metabolism?

Vitamin B6

13

What is the vitamin B of the THF coenzyme in metabolism?

Folate

14

What is the vitamin B of the CoA coenzyme in metabolism?

Pantothenic Acid

15

What is the vitamin B of the Biotin coenzyme in metabolism?

Biotin

16

What is the vitamin B of the B12 coenzyme in metabolism?

Vitamin B12

17

What are 8 food sources of pantothenic acid?

Sunflower seeds, liver, mushrooms, peanuts, eggs, milk, meat and vegetables

18

Why is deficiency rare in pantothenic acid?

It's widespread in food

19

Does pantothenic acid have an upper limit?

No

20

Thiamin deficiency results in which syndrome?

Beriberi

21

What are 5 symptoms of Thiamin Deficiency?

Extreme irritability, enlarged liver, wheezing, infrequent urination, enlarged heart

22

Are large amounts of all vitamins needed by the body?

No

23

Which vitamin/coenzyme is necessary for metabolism of amino acids?

Thiamin

24

Which is needed to convert tryptophan to serotonin?

Vitamin B6

25

Which is needed to convert glutamate to GABA?

Vitamin B6

26

What is an amino acid and a neurotransmitter?

Glutamate

27

What is an amino acid that is higher in animal protein?

Tryptophan

28

What is a feel good hormone that prevents depression?

Serotonin

29

What is an inhibitory neurotransmitter that balances glutamate?

GABA

30

What are the 5 coenzymes that are necessary for carbohydrate metabolism?

TPP, FAD, NAD, PLP, CoA