Flashcards in Lipids Deck (59)
What are large non-polar molecules made mostly of carbon and hydrogen?
What are the 3 types of lipids?
Are lipids soluble? (Do they dissolve in water)
Are carbs soluble?
Is a lipid a solid, liquid, or both?
What type of lipid has a glycerol backbone attached to 3 fatty acids?
What are the 3 types of fatty acids that triglyceride attaches to?
Is saturated fat mainly found in plants, animals, or both?
Is monounsaturated fat mainly found in plants, animals, or both?
Is polyunsaturated fat mainly found in plants, animals, or both?
Is saturated fat a solid or a liquid at room temperature?
Is polyunsaturated fat a solid or a liquid at room temperature?
What are the 3 roles of triglyceride in the body?
1. Storage form of fat
2. Contains lots of energy
3. Transports fat-soluble vitamins
What type of lipid has a glycerol backbone with 2 fatty acids and a phosphate group?
What type of lipid has no glycerol backbone?
What does the structure of cholesterol look like?
A multi-ring structure
What is the smallest out of the 3 lipids?
What type of food is cholesterol found in?
What are the 3 roles of cholesterol in the body?
1. Essential component in the cell membrane
2. Vital precursor to many important molecules
3. Synthesized by the liver
Which cells contain cholesterol?
Every single cell
What is your brain made up of?
Fat and cholesterol
What allowed our guts to shrink and our brains to grow?
A high quality diet
True plant oils can be extracted through what process?
What are 3 examples of true plant oils?
Olive oil, coconut oil, and palm oil
What is another name for industrial seed oil?
What are 3 examples of vegetable oil?
Canola oil, soybean oil, and safflower oil
What is vegetable oil high in?
Polyunsaturated fat (omega-6)
What types of food contain vegetable oil?
What percentage of ingested lipids are digested and absorbed?