Flashcards in Nutrition for Breastfeeding and Infant Diets Deck (28)
For how long does the AAP recommend exclusive breastfeeding?
The first 6 months
How long does the WHO recommend continued breastfeeding?
What are some non-nutritional benefits of breastfeeding?
Better bonding with baby, less post-partum depression, easier weight loss, convenience and cost
What are some nutritional benefits of breastfeeding?
Fewer ear and upper respiratory infections, lower risk of diabetes, obesity, metabolic syndrome, celiac disease and inflammatory bowel diseases in later life, and fewer allergies and intolerances
What are the 4 factors the positively influence the baby’s gut microbiota?
1. Balanced maternal microphobia
2. Vaginal delivery
3. Non-sterile environment
4. Breastfeeding practices
What are the 4 factors that negatively influence the baby’s gut microbiota?
1. Dysbiotic maternal microphobia
2. Cesarean delivery
3. Early antibiotic exposure
4. Formula feeding
Which component of breastmilk is the most abundant?
Which component of breastmilk is the second most abundant?
Macronutrients and Micronutrients
Which component of breastmilk is the third most abundant?
True or False:
Breastmilk contains digestive enzymes, highly bioavailable vitamins and minerals, and fiber.
Does breastmilk change?
Does it change over the course of lactation?
Does it change in a single feeding?
What are the 3 components of breastmilk?
Lactose, lipids and proteins
Does the mother’s diet influence the quality of her milk?
Which nutrient levels are affected by a mother's diet?
Which nutrient levels are not affected by a mother's diet?
Dietary carbs and proteins
What are some different factors that can decrease milk production?
Smoking cigarettes and drinking alcohol
Can alcohol and environmental toxins get into the milk?
What are the main barriers to breastfeeding?
1. Lack of information
2. Lack of counseling and support
3. Need to return to work
5. Complete lack of research on factors (esp nutritional) that influence milk production
What does the conventional wisdom method say that a baby's first food should be?
What does the ancestral wisdom method say that a baby's first food should be?
Organs and red meat
What does the conventional wisdom method emphasize?
Fruits and veggies
What does the ancestral wisdom method emphasize?
Does the conventional wisdom method think that you should feed the baby pre-made foods or organic foods?
Does the ancestral wisdom method think that you should feed the baby pre-made foods or organic foods?
Which foods should you avoid feeding a baby until they are 1 year old?
Honey and egg whites