Nutrition for Breastfeeding and Infant Diets Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Nutrition for Breastfeeding and Infant Diets Deck (28)
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1

For how long does the AAP recommend exclusive breastfeeding?

The first 6 months

2

How long does the WHO recommend continued breastfeeding?

2 years

3

What are some non-nutritional benefits of breastfeeding?

Better bonding with baby, less post-partum depression, easier weight loss, convenience and cost

4

What are some nutritional benefits of breastfeeding?

Fewer ear and upper respiratory infections, lower risk of diabetes, obesity, metabolic syndrome, celiac disease and inflammatory bowel diseases in later life, and fewer allergies and intolerances

5

What are the 4 factors the positively influence the baby’s gut microbiota?

1. Balanced maternal microphobia
2. Vaginal delivery
3. Non-sterile environment
4. Breastfeeding practices

6

What are the 4 factors that negatively influence the baby’s gut microbiota?

1. Dysbiotic maternal microphobia
2. Cesarean delivery
3. Early antibiotic exposure
4. Formula feeding

7

Which component of breastmilk is the most abundant?

Milk

8

Which component of breastmilk is the second most abundant?

Macronutrients and Micronutrients

9

Which component of breastmilk is the third most abundant?

HMOs

10

True or False:

Breastmilk contains digestive enzymes, highly bioavailable vitamins and minerals, and fiber.

True

11

Does breastmilk change?

Yes

12

Does it change over the course of lactation?

Yes

13

Does it change in a single feeding?

Yes

14

What are the 3 components of breastmilk?

Lactose, lipids and proteins

15

Does the mother’s diet influence the quality of her milk?

Yes

16

Which nutrient levels are affected by a mother's diet?

Dietary fat

17

Which nutrient levels are not affected by a mother's diet?

Dietary carbs and proteins

18

What are some different factors that can decrease milk production?

Smoking cigarettes and drinking alcohol

19

Can alcohol and environmental toxins get into the milk?

Yes

20

What are the main barriers to breastfeeding?

1. Lack of information
2. Lack of counseling and support
3. Need to return to work
4. Convenience
5. Complete lack of research on factors (esp nutritional) that influence milk production

21

What does the conventional wisdom method say that a baby's first food should be?

Cereal grains

22

What does the ancestral wisdom method say that a baby's first food should be?

Organs and red meat

23

What does the conventional wisdom method emphasize?

Fruits and veggies

24

What does the ancestral wisdom method emphasize?

Veggies

25

Does the conventional wisdom method think that you should feed the baby pre-made foods or organic foods?

Pre-made foods

26

Does the ancestral wisdom method think that you should feed the baby pre-made foods or organic foods?

Organic foods

27

Which foods should you avoid feeding a baby until they are 1 year old?

Honey and egg whites

28

Which foods should you always avoid feeding a baby?

Commercial dairy products, modern soy foods, margarines and shortening, fruit juices, reduced-fat or low-fat foods, extruded grains and all processed foods