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Flashcards in Chapter 12 - Terms Deck (25)
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1

polygyny

a form of marriage in which men have more than one wife

2

polyandry

a form of marriage in which women have more than one husband

3

family

two or more people who consider themselves related by blood, marriage, or adoption

4

household

people who occupy the same housing unit

5

nuclear family

a family consisting of a husband, wife, and child (ren)

6

extended family

a family in which relatives, such as the “older generation” or unmarried aunts and uncles, live with the partents and their children

7

family of orientation

the family in which a person grows up

8

family of procreation

the family formed when a couple’s first child is born

9

marriage

a group’s approved mating arrangements, usually marked by a ritual of some sort

10

endogamy

the practice of marrying within one’s own group

11

exogamy

the practice of marrying outside of one’s group

12

incest taboo

the rule that prohibits sex and marriage among designated relatives

13

system of descent

how kinship is traced over the generations

14

bilineal system (of descent)

a system of reckoning descent that counts both the mother’s and the father’s side

15

patrilineal system (of descent)

a system of reckoning descent that counts only the father’s side

16

matrilineal system (of descent)

a system of reckoning descent that counts only the mother’s side

17

patriarchy

men-as-a-group dominating women-as-a-group; authority is vested in males

18

matriarchy

a society in which women-as-a-group dominate men-as-a-group; authority is vested in females

19

egalitarian

authority more or less equally divided between people or groups (in heterosexual marriage, for example, between husband and wife

20

romantic love

feelings of erotic attraction accompanied by an idealization of the other

21

homogamy

the tendency of people with similar characteristics to marry one another

22

machismo

an emphasis on male strength and dominance

23

blended family

a family whose members were once part of other families

24

cohabitation

unmarried couples living together in a sexual relationship

25

incest

sexual relations between specified relatives, such as brothers and sisters or parents and children