Chapter 10 - Terms Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 10 - Terms Deck (15)
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1

Gender Stratification

Males' and females' unequal access to propety, power, and prestige.

2

Sex

Biological characteristics that distinguish females and males, consisting of primary and secondary sex characteristics.

3

Gender

The behaviors and attitudes that a society considers proper for its males and females; masculinity or femininity.

4

Patriarchy

Men-as-a-group dominating women-as-a-group; authority is vested in males.

5

Feminism

The philosophy that men and women should be politically, economically, and socially equal; organized activities on behalf of this principle.

6

Glass ceiling

The mostly invisible barrier that keeps women from advancing to the top levels at work.

7

Sexual harassment

The abuse of one's position of authority to force unwanted sexual demands on someone.

8

Life span

the maximum length of life of a species; for humans, the longest that a human has lived.

9

Life expectancy

The number of years than an average person at any age, including newborns, can except to live.

10

Graying of America

The growing percentage of older people in the U.S. population.

11

Ageism

Prejudice and discrimination directed against people because of their age; can be directed against any age group, including youth.

12

Age cohort

People born at roughly the same time who pass through the life course together.

13

Disengagement theory

The view that society is stabilized by having the elderly retire (disengage from) their positions of responsibility so the younger generation can step into their shoes.

14

Activity theory

The view that satisfaction during old age is related to a person's amount and quality of activity.

15

Continuity theory

A theory focusing on how people adjust to retirement by continuing aspects of their earlier lives.