Flashcards in Chapter 1 - Terms Deck (36)
understanding human behavior by placing it within its broader social context
people who share a culture and a territory
the group memberships that people have because of their location in history and society.
The application of systematic methods to obtain knowledge and the knowledge obtain by those methods.
the intellectual and academic discipliens designed to understand, explain, and predict events in our natural enviornment.
the intellectual and academic disciplines designed to understand the social world objectively by means of controlled and repeated observations.
a statement that goes beyond the individual case and is applied to a broader group or situation
those things that "everyone knows" are true.
the use of objective, systematic observations to test theories
the application of the scientific approach to the social world.
the scientific study of society and human behavior.
Marx's term for the struggle between capitalists and workers
Marx's term for capitalists, those who own the means of production
Marx's term for the exploited class, the mass of workers who do nto own the means of production
the degree to which memebers of a group or a soceity are united by shared values and other social bonds; also known as social cohesison.
patters of behavior
recurring behaviors or events
the view that a sociologist's personal values or beleifs should not influence social research.
the standard by which people define what is deseriable or undesirable, good or bad, beautiful or ugly.
value neutrality in research
the repetition of a study in order to test its findings.
a German word used by Weber that is perhaps best understood as "to have insight into someone's situation"
the meanings that people give their own behavior
Durkheim's term for a group's pattersn of behavior
basic (or pure) sociology
sociology in everday life logical research for the purpose of making discoveries about life in human groups, not for making changes in those groups
the use of sociology to solve problems- from the micro level of classroom interaction and family relationships to the macro level of crime and pollution.
applying sociology for the public good; especially the use of the sociological perspective (how things are related to one another) to guide politicians and policy makers
a general statement about how some parts of the world fit together adnd how they work; an explanation of how two or mote facts are related to one another.
a theoretical perspective in which society is viewed as composed of symbols that people use to establish meaning, develop their views of the world, and communicate with one another.
a theoretical framework in which society is viewed as composed of various parts, each with a function that, when fulfilled, contributes to society's equilibrium; also known as functionalism and structural functionalism