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Flashcards in Chapter 3 - Quizzes Deck (55)
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1

Which of Freud's hypothesized personality parts controls a person's set of moral behaviors?

The superego

2

Why might a teenage girl suddenly start listening to a new type of music?

She is experiencing anticipatory socialization.

3

"Male" and "female" are such powerful _______ that learning them forces us to interpret the world in terms of gender.

Symbols

4

The correct sequence of Mead's three stages of how we learn to take on the role of others is __________.

imitation, play, team games.

5

When Joe enters the Army, he is assigned a number, given a uniform, and told to shave off all facial hair. If you consider the Army a total institution, what process is Joe experiencing?

Resocialization

6

Marcus works as an air conditioner technician. This places him solidly in the upper middle class. However, he has a loo of freedom in his job, because he is on the road alone m,ost of the workday. What character trait will Marcus likely appreciate in his children?

Independence

7

In the early middle years, a person would be most likely to _______ for the first time.

get divorced

8

How has being elderly in the U.S changed recently?

People who are in good health today are coming to experience their 60s not as old age, but as an extension of their middle years.

9

In the 1930s, children reared in orphanages tended to have ______.

low IQs

10

Which of the following is an effect the increasing aging population will have on society?

The younger generations will be forced to interact more with the elderly.

11

How do Piaget's and Freud's view on human development differ?

Freud believed that people were passive in their own development, while Piaget thought that they were active in their growth.

12

Which of the following is an example of a first step of resocialization in a total institution such as prison?

Experiencing the removal of your existing identity.

13

Studying the twins, Jack and Oskar, teaching sociologists that ________.

Social experiences override biology.

14

Gender ___________ are the methods society uses to tell us how males and females are expected to act.

messages

15

For what reasons do sociologists study twins who were separated at birth?

They are biologically similar but have different upbringings.

16

The example of the 13-year-old girl named Genie who was locked in a small room since she was 20 months of age shows that _______.

Early interactions are necessary for normal development.

17

What did Skeels and Dye learn about institutionalised children?

Institutionalized children had low IQs, because of the absence of human interactions.

18

A sociologist administer an intelligence test to a seven-year-old child. The child has been locked away in isolation for his entire life with virtually no human contact and was only recently rescued. The child will most likely score _____.

practically zero on the test.

19

Which of the following most prevents a feral child or an isolated child from being socialized?

lack of language

20

Harry and Margaret Harlows' experiments involving the isolation of baby monkeys important because they _______.

confirmed that infant-mother bonding is the result of intimate physical contact.

21

In this case of Jack and Oskar, identical twins separated at birth, which of the following illustrates the effects of heredity on personality?

Both liked sweet liqueur and spicy foods.

22

Which of the following is one way in which modern sociologists have refined Piaget's theory of development?

They posit that some people do not progress through all stages.

23

Which scenario shows a person in Mead's imitation stage?

Marua, age 2, dances with her big brother

24

Saul, a 5th grader, is in an anger management group. He is role-playing with his group in order to understand how his classmates feel when he screams at them. Which sociologist's theories support this type of instruction?

George Herbert Mead

25

Which of the following best describes the role that socialization plays in early childhood?

It leads to action considered human

26

Which individual is most likely experiencing Piaget's preoperational stage of cognitive development?

Jorge, age six

27

According to Mead, as people ______, they learn to take the roles of others.

play

28

How is Piaget's sensorimotor stage similar to Freud's concept of the id?

Both are focused on sensory input.

29

According to Freud, which forces are constantly in conflict

Id and superego

30

when testing Kohlberg's theory, researchers found that most societies do not have the _____ stage of universal meaning.

post-conventional