Chapter 9 - Quiz Flashcards Preview

Soc 101 > Chapter 9 - Quiz > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 9 - Quiz Deck (45)
Loading flashcards...
1

A child born to a black mother and a white father would be classified as ________.

belonging to one of several "whiter" categories in Brazil.

2

People who identify with one another on the basis of common ancestry and cultural heritage are called a(n) __________.

ethnic group.

3

Which of the following statements about race is accurate?

A race is a group of people with shared, inherited physical characteristics.

4

Race is to _______ as ethncity is to _________.

biological traits; cultural traits

5

The term ethnic cleansing refers to which of the following models intergroup relations?

Genocide

6

From a biological standpoint, knowing a person's racial category allows us to predict _______.

almost nothing about that person.

7

Prejudice is to attitudes as discrimination is to _______.

actions

8

One example of prejudice is the belief that people _______.

who have blonde hair are unintelligent.

9

Carl believes that Hispanic individuals are less educated and less intelligent than whites, so he does not consider them when they apply for a job. This response is best described as _______.

racial discrimination.

10

Which of the following is an example of institutional discrimination?

Automobile dealerships typically charge minority car buyers a higher interest rate that offered to white buyers.

11

Discrimination is similar to prejudice in that it can be either _______ or _____.

positive; negative.

12

Which of the following is an example of discrimination?

Tayisha typically sits alone in the school cafeteria, because she is obese, and the other students make fun of her and refuse to let her join them.

13

The consistently poor treatment of minorities by hospitals is an example of _______.

institutional discrimination.

14

According to _______ theory, the social labels we learn influence the way we view people.

symbolic interactionism

15

According to symbolic interactionists, label cause ______, meaning they lead us to see certain features of a situation while binding us.

selective perception.

16

A researcher who uses an individual's personality to explain how prejudice function is using a (n) _______ approach.

psychological.

17

According to _____, people who show strong prejudice toward the members of one minority group are usually intolerant of all minorities.

authoritarian personality theory.

18

The research study conducted by Muzafer and Carolyn Sherif at a boys' summer camp showed that _______.

prejudice is shaped by the social environment.

19

The three sociological theories of prejudice discussed in the text _______.

focus on specific aspects of prejudice.

20

A split labor market refers to ______.

the division of workers along racial-ethnic and gender lines.

21

The popularity of ethnic work and the projected population of the United States favor which model of intergroup relations?

multiculturalism.

22

Internal colonialism is most often associated with which of the following?

Conflict theory.

23

How do ordinary people become involved in carrying out genocides?

through labeling and compartmentalization.

24

Why is population transfer closer to genocide than it is to segregation?

Because the goal of population transfer is to completely remove a minority from a society.

25

_______ allows the dominant group to maintain social distance from minority and exploit their labor.

Segregation.

26

Internal colonialism is often accompanied by ________, the separation of racial or ethnic groups.

segregation.

27

The process whereby the dominant population makes life so unbearable for members of a minority that they leave "voluntarily" is referred to as _______.

indirect population transfer.

28

In the 1896, Plessy v. Ferguson case, the U.S. Supreme Court decided that states could __________.

require separate but equal accommodations for blacks.

29

Carlos fled Cuba to escape Castro's regime in 1959. Of of the following, Carlo was most likely to be _________.

a business person

30

The historical dominance of _______ in U.S. culture is evidenced by the use of the terms "race" and "ethnicity" to describe everyone but the members of that group.

White Anglo Saxon Protestants.