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Flashcards in Carbohydrates Deck (94)
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31

Are carbs in dairy products, simple, complex, or both?

Both

32

What simple carb is found in dairy?

Lactose

33

What complex carb is found in dairy?

Fiber

34

What is sugar that is very concentrated?

Refined sugar

35

What are the 2 different types of sweeteners?

Nutritive and Alternative

36

How long ago did we start consuming refined sugar?

150 years ago

37

Is refined sugar a nutritive sweetener, alternative sweetener, or both?

It's a nutritive sweetener

38

Why do simple carbs taste sweet while complex carbs do not?

Simple carbs are small enough to fit our taste receptors while complex carbs are not

39

Can nutritive sweetener be metabolized by the body?

Yes

40

Can alternative sweetener be metabolized by the body?

No

41

Why do people think that alternative sweetener is healthier than nutritive sweetener?

They don't have any calorie content because they can't be metabolized by the body

42

What starts breaking down starch into glucose in the mouth?

The salivary amylase

43

What continues to break down starch into glucose in the small intestine?

Pancreatic Amylase

44

What is the only carb that is absorbed by intestinal cells?

Monosaccharides

45

What occurs when your body no longer has the ability to produce and absorb lactase enzymes?

Lactose Intolerance

46

When you have lactose intolerance what happens to the lactose that you consume?

It goes down to the large intestine and gut bacteria metabolizes it

47

What does eating lactose when you are lactose intolerant cause?

Gas and bloating

48

What are complex carbs that cannot be broken down into monosaccharides for absorption?

Fiber

49

What are the 2 types of fiber?

Soluble and Insoluble

50

What is soluble fiber also known as?

Fermentable fiber

51

What is an examples of soluble fiber?

Beans and oats

52

Which type of fiber is easily metabolized by gut microbes?

Soluble fiber

53

Which type of fiber isn't easily metabolized by gut microbes?

Insoluble fiber

54

What is an example of insoluble fiber?

Nuts and fruit skin

55

What does the process of regulating blood sugar start with?

Carb consumption

56

What do digested carbs do to blood sugar?

They elevate the blood glucose

57

What is blood glucose also know as?

Blood sugar

58

Fill in the Blank:

Without _____ glucose stays in the blood and keeps circling around

Insulin

59

What is excess glucose converted into?

Glycogen and fat

60

What effectively lowers blood glucose level?

Insulin