Flashcards in Carbohydrates Deck (94)
Are carbs in dairy products, simple, complex, or both?
What simple carb is found in dairy?
What complex carb is found in dairy?
What is sugar that is very concentrated?
What are the 2 different types of sweeteners?
Nutritive and Alternative
How long ago did we start consuming refined sugar?
150 years ago
Is refined sugar a nutritive sweetener, alternative sweetener, or both?
It's a nutritive sweetener
Why do simple carbs taste sweet while complex carbs do not?
Simple carbs are small enough to fit our taste receptors while complex carbs are not
Can nutritive sweetener be metabolized by the body?
Can alternative sweetener be metabolized by the body?
Why do people think that alternative sweetener is healthier than nutritive sweetener?
They don't have any calorie content because they can't be metabolized by the body
What starts breaking down starch into glucose in the mouth?
The salivary amylase
What continues to break down starch into glucose in the small intestine?
What is the only carb that is absorbed by intestinal cells?
What occurs when your body no longer has the ability to produce and absorb lactase enzymes?
When you have lactose intolerance what happens to the lactose that you consume?
It goes down to the large intestine and gut bacteria metabolizes it
What does eating lactose when you are lactose intolerant cause?
Gas and bloating
What are complex carbs that cannot be broken down into monosaccharides for absorption?
What are the 2 types of fiber?
Soluble and Insoluble
What is soluble fiber also known as?
What is an examples of soluble fiber?
Beans and oats
Which type of fiber is easily metabolized by gut microbes?
Which type of fiber isn't easily metabolized by gut microbes?
What is an example of insoluble fiber?
Nuts and fruit skin
What does the process of regulating blood sugar start with?
What do digested carbs do to blood sugar?
They elevate the blood glucose
What is blood glucose also know as?
Fill in the Blank:
Without _____ glucose stays in the blood and keeps circling around
What is excess glucose converted into?
Glycogen and fat