Howard and colleagues (1996) conducted a study on what they termed the _____ - dependent effect of treatment, whereby the relationship between time in treatment and treatment outcome was found to "level off" at about ____ sessions
Howard et al. describe a phase model of therapy predicting that benefits of therapy vary as a function of cumulative therapy sessions. The phase model includes ____ phases.
In Howard's _____________ phase, a client's feelings of hopelessness and desperation respond quickly to therapy; this effect is usually achieved during the ___________ sessions.
- First few
In Howard's ______________ phase (2nd phase), the focus is on the symptoms that brought the client to therapy. Symptom relief usually requires about _____ sessions.
In Howard's _____________ phase (3rd phase), the therapeutic focus is on unlearning maladaptive behaviors and establishing new ways of dealing with life. The number of sessions depends on the ________ and ________ of the client's problems.