Clinical Psychology: Other Issues in Psychotherapy Practice and Research Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Clinical Psychology: Other Issues in Psychotherapy Practice and Research Deck (20)
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1

Criticisms of treatment manuals are that they ____________ the therapeutic process and can lead to the _____________ of therapeutic techniques (e.g., Addis, 1997).

  • Oversimplify
  • Misuse

2

In psychotherapy research, "placebo" usually means providing participants with the ______________ factors of psychotherapy, such as ____________ and support.

  • Nonspecific
  • Attention

3

Studies have shown that placebo conditions have a _____________ impact, with participants in placebo groups typically showing __________ improvement in symptoms than those in no-treatment or wait-list control groups.

  • Substantial
  • Greater

4

Lipsey and Wilson (1993) report an average effect size of ____ when treated participants are compared to no treatment controls, but a smaller effect size of ____ when participants in the treatment group are compared to those in a placebo control group.

  •  .67
  •  .48

5

Critics of using placebo controls argue that is is not useful because it has not helped to identify the "_____________" of psychotherapy (Lambert and Bergin, 1994).

Active ingredients.

6

"_________________" was originally used to describe the tendency of health professionals to attribute all behavioral, social, and emotional problems to mental retardation in individuals with this diagnosis.

Diagnostic overshadowing.

7

The goal of an _________________ intervention is to make changes in the environment so that it better accommodates the individual.

Alloplastic.

8

The goal of an _________________ intervention is to change the individual so that he/she is better able to function effectively within his/her environment.

Autoplastic.

9

Research investigating the sources of work-related problems for therapists indicate that therapists find _______________ to be the most stressful type of client behavior (Deutsch, 1984).

Suicidal statements.

10

Therapists consider a "________________" to be the single most stressful aspect of their work (Farber and Heifetz, 1982).

Lack of therapeutic success.

11

Issues related to _____________ constitute the most frequently encountered ethical/legal dilemma (Haas, Malouf, and Mayerson, 1986).

Confidentiality.

12

The prevalence of mental illness is higher among ___________ than __________ in each age group.

  • Females
  • Males

13

In terms of admission rates to state and county psychiatric hospitals, the rates are higher for ______.

Men.

14

Witkin and colleagues (1994) attribute the higher admission rate of men to state and county psychiatric services to the supposition that men are more likely to exhibit "__________" behaviors, and that this additionally reflects a change in emphasis in commitment criteria from "psychopathology" to "______________."

  • Acting out
  • Perceived dangerousness

15

Admission rates into psychiatric hospitals are lowest among ___________, intermediate for those who are __________ or divorced/separated, and highest for the ____________.

  • The widowed
  • Married
  • Never married

16

Although ____________ represent the largest number of psychiatric inpatients when population proportions are taken into account, patients from other _________ are overrepresented.

  • Whites
  • Races

17

For both men and women, the largest proportion of psychiatric inpatient admissions is in the ____ to ____ age range.

  • 25
  • 44

18

____________ is the most common diagnosis for inpatient in the 18 to 44 range; for patients aged 65 and older, an _____________ is the most common diagnosis, followed by an __________ disorder.

  • Schizophrenia
  • Organic disorder
  • Affective

19

Data from the 1997 Client/Patient Survey (Crider et al., 2006) found that ________ continue to be admitted to inpatient programs more often than ________, but that the opposite is true for outpatient admissions.

  • Men
  • Women

20

___________ represent the majority (70%) of admissions to both inpatient and outpatient mental health programs.

Whites.

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