Criticisms of treatment manuals are that they ____________ the therapeutic process and can lead to the _____________ of therapeutic techniques (e.g., Addis, 1997).
In psychotherapy research, "placebo" usually means providing participants with the ______________ factors of psychotherapy, such as ____________ and support.
Studies have shown that placebo conditions have a _____________ impact, with participants in placebo groups typically showing __________ improvement in symptoms than those in no-treatment or wait-list control groups.
Lipsey and Wilson (1993) report an average effect size of ____ when treated participants are compared to no treatment controls, but a smaller effect size of ____ when participants in the treatment group are compared to those in a placebo control group.
Critics of using placebo controls argue that is is not useful because it has not helped to identify the "_____________" of psychotherapy (Lambert and Bergin, 1994).
"_________________" was originally used to describe the tendency of health professionals to attribute all behavioral, social, and emotional problems to mental retardation in individuals with this diagnosis.
The goal of an _________________ intervention is to make changes in the environment so that it better accommodates the individual.
The goal of an _________________ intervention is to change the individual so that he/she is better able to function effectively within his/her environment.
Research investigating the sources of work-related problems for therapists indicate that therapists find _______________ to be the most stressful type of client behavior (Deutsch, 1984).
Therapists consider a "________________" to be the single most stressful aspect of their work (Farber and Heifetz, 1982).
Lack of therapeutic success.
Issues related to _____________ constitute the most frequently encountered ethical/legal dilemma (Haas, Malouf, and Mayerson, 1986).
The prevalence of mental illness is higher among ___________ than __________ in each age group.
In terms of admission rates to state and county psychiatric hospitals, the rates are higher for ______.
Witkin and colleagues (1994) attribute the higher admission rate of men to state and county psychiatric services to the supposition that men are more likely to exhibit "__________" behaviors, and that this additionally reflects a change in emphasis in commitment criteria from "psychopathology" to "______________."
- Acting out
- Perceived dangerousness
Admission rates into psychiatric hospitals are lowest among ___________, intermediate for those who are __________ or divorced/separated, and highest for the ____________.
- The widowed
- Never married
Although ____________ represent the largest number of psychiatric inpatients when population proportions are taken into account, patients from other _________ are overrepresented.
For both men and women, the largest proportion of psychiatric inpatient admissions is in the ____ to ____ age range.
____________ is the most common diagnosis for inpatient in the 18 to 44 range; for patients aged 65 and older, an _____________ is the most common diagnosis, followed by an __________ disorder.
- Organic disorder
Data from the 1997 Client/Patient Survey (Crider et al., 2006) found that ________ continue to be admitted to inpatient programs more often than ________, but that the opposite is true for outpatient admissions.
___________ represent the majority (70%) of admissions to both inpatient and outpatient mental health programs.