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Flashcards in Clinical Psychology: Family Therapies Deck (18)
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1

Family therapy is usually traced to the _______ when several practitioners and researchers began to identify the family as the locus of psychopathology.

1950s.

2

"General Systems Theory" was first described by the biologist ___________.

Ludwig von Bertalanffy.

3

General Systems Theory defines a system as an entity that is maintained by the ______________ of its components and assumes that the actions of interacting components are best understood by studying them _______________.

  • Mutual interactions
  • In their context

4

Family therapists view the family as primarily an ________ system.

Open.

5

An open system continually ____________ from and ____________ to the environment, and is more ____________ to change.

  • Receives input
  • Discharges output
  • Adaptable

6

The Family therapy concept of "_____________" describes the tendency for a family to act in ways that maintain the family's equilibrium or status quo.

Homeostasis.

7

"____________," described by a mathematician in the ______, is known as the "science of communications and automatic control systems in both machines and living things."

  • Cybernetics
  • 1940s

8

A negative feedback loop _____________ and helps the system maintain the ____________.

  • Reduces deviation
  • Status quo

9

A positive feedback loop _____________ or change and thereby ____________ the system.

  • Amplifies deviation
  • Disrupts

10

In therapy, positive feedback promotes ____________ in a dysfunctional family system.

Appropriate change.

11

Traditional schools of individual psychotherapy were influenced by a ____________, Lockean, _________ tradition that emphasizes linear _____________ relationships in which A causes B, but B does not affect A.

  • Western
  • Scientific
  • Cause-effect

12

The influence of systems theory and cybernetics in family therapy is consistent with a _____________ tradition, and is evident in the adoption of a __________ view of causality in which A and B influence each other.

  • Kantian
  • Reciprocal

13

Family therapies focus on:

  • The "_____ and _____"
  • Are ______________
  • Emphasize freedom of ___________
  • Reflect a __________, relativistic perspective

  • Here and now
  • Relational
  • Choice
  • Contextual

14

The earliest contributors to family therapy include:

  • Nathan A___________
  • G__________ Bateson
  • Murray B___________

  • Ackerman
  • Gregory
  • Bowen

15

_____________ was a child psychiatrist who eventually became known as the "grandfather of family therapy," integrating principles of __________ with a systems approach.

  • Ackerman
  • Psychoanalysis

16

_____________ applied ideas drawn from systems theory and ____________ to the treatment of familes and is frequently cited for his work on the role of ____________ communication in the development of schizophrenia.

  • Bateson
  • Cybernetics
  • Double-bind

17

Double-bind communication involves conflicting __________ - e.g., "do that and you'll be punished" and "don't do that and you'll be punished" - with one injunction often being expressed verbally and the other nonverbally. In addition, the recipient is not allowed to comment on them or seek help from someone else.

Negative injunctions.

18

____________ initial contribution to family therapy was his study of families with a schizophrenic child, which led to his conclusion that the ___________ of certain types of family interactions over at least _______ generations is involved in the ___________ of this disorder in the family member.

  • Bowen's
  • Repetition
  • Three
  • Development

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