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Flashcards in Clinical Psychology: Family Therapies Deck (18)
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Family therapy is usually traced to the _______ when several practitioners and researchers began to identify the family as the locus of psychopathology.



"General Systems Theory" was first described by the biologist ___________.

Ludwig von Bertalanffy.


General Systems Theory defines a system as an entity that is maintained by the ______________ of its components and assumes that the actions of interacting components are best understood by studying them _______________.

  • Mutual interactions
  • In their context


Family therapists view the family as primarily an ________ system.



An open system continually ____________ from and ____________ to the environment, and is more ____________ to change.

  • Receives input
  • Discharges output
  • Adaptable


The Family therapy concept of "_____________" describes the tendency for a family to act in ways that maintain the family's equilibrium or status quo.



"____________," described by a mathematician in the ______, is known as the "science of communications and automatic control systems in both machines and living things."

  • Cybernetics
  • 1940s


A negative feedback loop _____________ and helps the system maintain the ____________.

  • Reduces deviation
  • Status quo


A positive feedback loop _____________ or change and thereby ____________ the system.

  • Amplifies deviation
  • Disrupts


In therapy, positive feedback promotes ____________ in a dysfunctional family system.

Appropriate change.


Traditional schools of individual psychotherapy were influenced by a ____________, Lockean, _________ tradition that emphasizes linear _____________ relationships in which A causes B, but B does not affect A.

  • Western
  • Scientific
  • Cause-effect


The influence of systems theory and cybernetics in family therapy is consistent with a _____________ tradition, and is evident in the adoption of a __________ view of causality in which A and B influence each other.

  • Kantian
  • Reciprocal


Family therapies focus on:

  • The "_____ and _____"
  • Are ______________
  • Emphasize freedom of ___________
  • Reflect a __________, relativistic perspective

  • Here and now
  • Relational
  • Choice
  • Contextual


The earliest contributors to family therapy include:

  • Nathan A___________
  • G__________ Bateson
  • Murray B___________

  • Ackerman
  • Gregory
  • Bowen


_____________ was a child psychiatrist who eventually became known as the "grandfather of family therapy," integrating principles of __________ with a systems approach.

  • Ackerman
  • Psychoanalysis


_____________ applied ideas drawn from systems theory and ____________ to the treatment of familes and is frequently cited for his work on the role of ____________ communication in the development of schizophrenia.

  • Bateson
  • Cybernetics
  • Double-bind


Double-bind communication involves conflicting __________ - e.g., "do that and you'll be punished" and "don't do that and you'll be punished" - with one injunction often being expressed verbally and the other nonverbally. In addition, the recipient is not allowed to comment on them or seek help from someone else.

Negative injunctions.


____________ initial contribution to family therapy was his study of families with a schizophrenic child, which led to his conclusion that the ___________ of certain types of family interactions over at least _______ generations is involved in the ___________ of this disorder in the family member.

  • Bowen's
  • Repetition
  • Three
  • Development

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