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Flashcards in Clinical Psychology: Gestalt Therapy Deck (19)
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1

Gestalt therapy was founded by:

Fritz Perls.

2

Gestalt therapy is based on the belief that each person is capable of assuming ___________ for his/her own ___________, feelings, and ____________, and living as an _______________.

  • Personal responsibility
  • Thoughts
  • Actions
  • Integrated whole

3

Gestalt therapy incorporates principles drawn from ________________, phenomenology, ____________, and Gestalt psychology.

  • Psychoanalysis
  • Existentialism

4

Gestalt Concept 1: People tend to seek ___________.

Closure.

5

Gestalt Concept 2: A person's "gestalts," or perceptions of ____________ reflect his/her ____________.

  • Parts as wholes
  • Current needs

6

Gestalt Concept 3: A person's behavior represents a ____ that is greater than the _______________.

  • Whole
  • Sum of its parts

7

Gestalt Concept 4: Behavior can be fully understood only in its ____________.

Context.

8

Gestalt Concept 5: A person experiences the world in accord with the principle of _____/_____.

Figure/ground.

9

Maladaptive Bx is considered a "___________" that involves the abandonment of the self for the ________, and a resulting lack of __________.

  • "Growth disorder"
  • Self-image
  • Integration

10

Neurotic behavior often stems from:

A disturbance of the boundary between the self and external environment.

11

There are ____ major boundary disturbances.

4.

12

___________ occurs when a person accepts concepts, facts and standards from the environment without actually understanding or fully assimilating them. In therapy, patients with this disturbance are often overly compliant.

Introjection.

13

____________ involves disowning aspects of the self by assigning them to other people. Extreme ________ can result in paranoia.

Projection.

14

____________ entails doing to oneself what one wants to do to others.

Retroflection.

15

____________ refers to the absence of a boundary between the self and the environment. ___________ causes intolerance of any differences between oneself and others and often underlies feelings of guilt and resentment.

Confluence.

16

The primary goal of Gestalt therapy is to help the client become a ____________ by integrating ____________.

  • Unified whole
  • The various aspects of the self

17

In Gestalt therapy, ______________ is viewed as counterproductive. The client is aided in recognizing the difference between her "_____________" and reality.

  • Transference
  • "Transference fantasy"

18

The primary curative factor is _________________.

Awareness.

19

Tools used in Gestalt therapy include: Hint: 3-part answer.

  • Empty chair technique
  • Guided fantasy
  • Dream work

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