Clinical Psychology: Complementary and Alternative Medicine Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Clinical Psychology: Complementary and Alternative Medicine Deck (18)
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1

Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) is a "________ domain of resources that encompasses _______ systems, modalities, and practices and their ____________ theories and beliefs other than those intrinsic to the dominant health system in a given historical period.

  • Broad
  • Health
  • Accompanying

2

Included in CAM are _________, acupuncture, and _____________.

  • Hypnosis
  • Reflexology

3

_____________ has been used as an adjunct to more mainstream therapies, and has been found to be effective for treating acute stress disorder, ________ disorders, obesity, _________, and chronic __________.

  • Hypnosis
  • Anxiety
  • Insomnia
  • Pain

4

Recent research based on brain-imaging techniques suggests that hypnosis-induced paralysis may involve a ____________ in communication between brain areas that control ___________ and those that control executive functions and _______-imagery.

  • Disruption
  • Movement
  • Self

5

____________ under hypnosis does not always occur.

Compliance.

6

Orne and Dinges propose that hypnosis involves experiencing alterations of ___________, perception, and mood in response to ___________, and characterize it's essential feature as a "___________ experiential ____________."

  • Memory
  • Suggestion
  • Subjective
  • Change

7

Hypnosis has been used to help people recover ____________ memories.

Repressed.

8

Hypnosis ________ enhance the accuracy of memories, and may produce more ________________ (inaccurate or confabulated memories) than accurate memories.

  • Does not
  • Pseudomemories

9

Hypnosis may ____________ a person's confidence in the validity of uncertain memories, particularly those that are inaccurate.

Exaggerate.

10

Memories recovered under hypnosis (even inaccurate ones) may reflect issues and experiences that are _________ to treatment.

Relevant.

11

Acupuncture has been used in China and other Asian countries for at least __________ years.

3,000.

12

The traditional explanation for the effects of acupuncture is that illness is due to a blockage of qi (_________) and that acupuncture _______ the flow of qi along the ____________ or pathways circulating the body.

  • Vital life energy
  • Unblocks
  • Meridians

13

Research on the benefits of acupuncture suggest it may be due to the release of ____________ and other _______-suppressing substances or to an alteration of _______ flow in areas around the needle or in key regions of the __________.

  • Endorphins
  • Pain
  • Blood
  • Brain

14

Acupuncture has proven useful in reducing certain types of ________ (lower back, migraine, dental) and for managing chemotherapy-induced _________ and __________.

  • Pain
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting

15

The use of reflexology is based on the assumptions that "there are reflex areas in the _______ and ______ that correspond to all of the glands, ________, and parts of the body," and that applying pressure to these areas re-establishes the body's ________ and promotes the healing process.

  • Hands
  • Feet
  • Organs
  • Balance

16

One explanation for the benefits of reflexology is that it restores __________ to affected areas.

Energy flow.

17

Other explanations for the benefits of reflexology are that it affects ______ or _______ circulation, or promotes _________.

  • Blood
  • Lymph
  • Relaxation

18

The effectiveness of reflexology _______ been consistently demonstrated.

Has not.

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