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Flashcards in Clinical Psychology: Object Relations Theory Deck (16)
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1

Object Relations theorists consider object-seeking, or _________, to be a basic inborn drive.

Relationships with others.

2

__________ are a child's internalized object representations and an emphasized area of Object Relations theory.

Introjects.

3

The following are known Object Relations theorists:

  • M__________ Klein
  • Ronald F__________
  • M_________ Mahler
  • Otto K___________

  • Melanie
  • Fairbairn
  • Margaret
  • Kernberg

4

Mahler focuses on the processes by which an ___________ assumes his own physical and psychological ________, and her model of early development involves several phases and subphases.

  • Infant
  • Identity

5

Mahler's initial phase, which occurs during the first months of life, is known as the _____________ phase, during which the infant is self-absorbed and essentially oblivious to the external environment.

Infantile Autism.

6

Mahler's second phase is the ______________ phase, in which the child becomes aware of the mother but can't distinguish between "me" and "not-me."

Normal Symbiotic.

7

Development of object relations occurs during Mahler's _______________ phase.

Separation-individuation.

8

The Separation-Individuation phase begins at ___________ months of age, and is composed of four overlapping subphases. These are differentiation, __________, reapproachment, and ________ constancy.

  • 4-5 months
  • Practicing
  • Object constancy

9

Separation-individuation is followed by a period of conflict between ______________ and __________, manifested by _______________.

  • Independence
  • Dependence
  • Separation Anxiety

10

By about ____ years of age the child has developed a permanent sense of self and object.

3.

11

Maladaptive behavior is the result of ___________ in early object relations.

Abnormalities.

12

Mahler traces adult psychopathology to problems occurring in ______________.

Separation-individuation.

13

Some Object Relations theorists also believe that inadequate resolution of the splitting of objects into "____" and "______" is one cause of ______________.

  • Good
  • Bad
  • Maladaptive behavior

14

Object Relations therapists provide patients with ________, ________, and other conditions that restore the client's ability to ___________ to others in meaningful, realistic ways.

  • Support
  • Acceptance
  • Relate

15

A primary goal of Object Relations therapy is to bring maladaptive ___________ relationship dynamics into __________.

  • Unconscious
  • Consciousness

16

Object Relations therapy focuses on ____________ that maintain _______________, such as splitting and projective identification.

  • Defense mechanisms
  • Pathological object relations

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