Clinical Psychology: Freudian Psychoanalysis Flashcards Preview

Clinical Psychology > Clinical Psychology: Freudian Psychoanalysis > Flashcards

Flashcards in Clinical Psychology: Freudian Psychoanalysis Deck (35)
Loading flashcards...
1

According to Freud, human beings are determined by ________ forces, __________ motivations, biological/instinctual __________ and drives, and ___________ events occurring in the first __ years of life.

  • Irrational
  • Unconscious
  • Needs
  • Psychosexual
  • 5

2

Freud's personality theory consists of a __________ theory and a ___________ theory.

  • Structural
  • Developmental.

3

Freud's structural theory posits 3 personality structures. These are the:

  • Id
  • Ego
  • Superego

4

The id is present __________ and consists of a person's ____ and ____ instincts, which are the source of all ________ energy.

  • Birth
  • Life
  • Death
  • Psychic

5

The ego develops at about _______ of age. It develops as a response to the id's inability to ________ all of its needs. It operates on the basis of the _______ principle, deferring gratification until an appropriate object is available in reality, and employs ______________ thinking.

  • 6 months
  • Gratify
  • Reality
  • Secondary

6

In psychoanalytic theory, secondary process thinking is ________, rational ________ and planning.

  • Realistic
  • Thinking

7

The primary task of the ego is to _________ the conflicting demands of the ___ and reality and (once developed) the _________.

  • Mediate
  • Id
  • Superego

8

The superego emerges when a child is between ____ years of age, represents an __________ of society's values and standards as conveyed by a child's parents, attempts to permanently _______ the id's socially unacceptable impulses.

  • 4-5
  • Internalization
  • Block

9

Freud's developmental theory emphasizes the _______ drives of the id and proposes that an individual's personality is formed during childhood as the result of experiences that occur during ____ predetermined stages of psychosexual development.

  • Sexual
  • 5

10

Freud's 5 stages of psychosexual development are (in order):

  • Oral
  • Anal
  • Phallic
  • Latent
  • Genital

11

Oral Stage (timeframe): 

0-1 year.

12

Anal Stage (timeframe): 

1-3 years.

13

Phallic Stage (timeframe): 

3-5/6 years.

14

Latent Stage (timeframe): 

5/6 - puberty.

15

Genital Stage (timeframe): 

Puberty - adulthood.

16

In Freud's personality theory, the function of anxiety is to ______ the _____ to an impending internal or external _______.

  • Alert
  • Ego
  • Threat

17

Defense mechanisms arise from the ego's inability to __________ through rational, realistic means.

Ward off danger.

18

Defense mechanisms operate on an _________ level, and serve to deny or _______ reality.

  • Unconscious
  • Distort

19

The most basic defense mechanism is __________. It occurs when the id's ________ and needs are excluded from conscious _____________.

  • Repression
  • Drives
  • Awareness

20

Reaction formation involves avoiding an ___________-evoking impulse by expressing its _________.

  • Anxiety
  • Opposite

21

Projection occurs when a __________ impulse is attributed to another person or external source.

Threatening.

22

For Freudians, psychopathology stems from an _________, unresolved ________ that occurred during childhood.

  • Unconscious
  • Conflict

23

For Freudians, phobias are the result of ________ of ______ onto an object or event that is symbolic of the object or even involved in an unresolved conflict.

  • Displacement
  • Anxiety

24

In Freudian theory, depression is due to _______ coupled with ________ toward the object turned inward.

  • Object loss
  • Anger

25

The primary therapeutic goals of psychoanalysis are to bring the ________ into ________ awareness, and to _________ previously repressed material into the personality.

  • Unconscious
  • Conscious
  • Integrate

26

The main targets of psychoanalysis are the client's free _________, dreams, __________, and transferences.

  • Associations
  • Resistances

27

Psychic determinism is the belief that all behaviors are ___________ and serve some psychological ________.

  • Meaningful
  • Function

28

Psychoanalysis consists of a combination of confrontation, ____________, interpretation, and working ________.

  • Clarification
  • Through

29

__________ involves making statements that help the client see his or her behavior in a new way.

Confrontation.

30

__________ involves ________ the client's feelings and restating his/her remarks in clearer terms.

  • Clarification
  • Clarifying

Decks in Clinical Psychology Class (36):