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Flashcards in Clinical Psychology: Structural Family Therapy Deck (15)
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1

Structural Family therapy was developed by _____________.

Salvador Minuchin.

2

According to Minuchin, all families have an _____________ that determines how family members relate to one another.

Implicit structure.

3

______________ determine how members combine forces during times of conflict.

Power hierarchies.

4

______________ are barriers or rules that determine the amount of contact that is allowed between family members.

Boundaries.

5

When boundaries are _________, family members are disengaged from each other; when boundaries are too ________, family members are enmeshed.

  • Rigid
  • Permeable/diffuse

6

Minuchin distinguished between 3 chronic boundary problems, or ___________.

Rigid triads.

7

_____________ occurs when the parents focus on a child, either by overprotecting or blaming the child for the family's problems.

Detouring.

8

A ______________ occurs when a parent and child form a cross-generational coalition and "gang up" against the other parent.

Stable coalition.

9

______________ occurs when each parent demands that the child side with him/her against the other parent.

Triangulation.

10

Family dysfunction is viewed as the result of an ______________ that prohibits the family from adapting to maturational and situational stressors in a healthy way.

Inflexible family structure.

11

____________ the family is the primary long-term goal of therapy.

Restructuring.

12

Therapy techniques emphasize ____________ rather than fostering insight.

Changing behaviors.

13

Structural Family Therapy Technique 1: ___________ involves blending with the family, tracking the family's values, life themes, and significant life events in conversation, and ___________ (adopting the family's affective and communication style).

  • Joining
  • Mimesis

14

Structural Family Therapy Technique 2: The therapist then _________________, including its transactional patterns, power hierarchies, and boundaries. This may include construction of a ___________ that helps clarify family interaction patterns.

  • Evaluates the family structure
  • Family (structural) map

15

Structural Family Therapy Technique 3: ____________, in which family members are asked to role-play their relationship patterns so they can be identified/altered, and ___________, which involves relabeling behaviors so they can be viewed in more positive ways, are used to _______________.

  • Enactment
  • Reframing
  • Restructure the family

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