Flashcards in ✅188.8.131.52 - Sustainable Urban Development Deck (21)
What is sustainable development?
Meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs
What is liveability?
The characteristics of a city, which improve the quality of life for the people living there
What is a sustainable city?
One which provides employment, a high standard of living, a clean healthy environment and fair governance for all its residents
What is ecological footprint?
The total area of productive land and water required to produce the resources a population consumes and absorb the waste products
What are the inputs to an unsustainable city?
What are the outputs of an unsustainable city?
Air and noise pollution
Goods, services, wealth, sprawl
What are the inputs of a sustainable city?
Conservation and use of renewable energy
What are the output of a sustainable city?
Reduced outputs and the recycling of inorganic waste eg paper, plastic etc
What are the social strategies for sustainability?
Green housing and buildings
Adequate school and healthcare provisions
Available food supplies
What are the economic strategies for sustainability?
Production and distribution of renewable energy
What are the environmental strategies for sustainability?
Waste and recycling management
Incorporating green space into areas
What are the political strategies for sustainability?
Adoption of green urban planning and design
Policies in place to force people to me more green
What is the population of Curitiba?
How was the Curitiba bus system improved?
A bus every 60 seconds
Larger buses to carry more people
How are pollution levels reduced in the parks of Curitiba?
Sheep are used to cut the grass
Derelict land turned into green space
What is done for the poor in Curitiba?
If areas are cleaned, the government exchange their rubbish for food vouchers
How are the poor helped to buy houses?
Low interest mortgages are given to them and through 'self help' schemes
How do social challenges of urbanisation differ between developed and developing countries?
Developing countries must provide more housing, basic sanitation and infrastructure while developed countries face social cohesion and unemployment
What are some of the social urban trends?
More people living in cities
More people living in slums
Insufficient use of public services
What are some of the economic urban trends?
Inequality and financial fragility