✅3.2.3.8 - Sustainable Urban Development Flashcards Preview

AQA A Level Geography - HUMAN > ✅3.2.3.8 - Sustainable Urban Development > Flashcards

Flashcards in ✅3.2.3.8 - Sustainable Urban Development Deck (21)
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1

What is sustainable development?

Meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs

2

What is liveability?

The characteristics of a city, which improve the quality of life for the people living there

3

What is a sustainable city?

One which provides employment, a high standard of living, a clean healthy environment and fair governance for all its residents

4

What is ecological footprint?

The total area of productive land and water required to produce the resources a population consumes and absorb the waste products

5

What are the inputs to an unsustainable city?

Food goods
Non-renewable energy
People

6

What are the outputs of an unsustainable city?

Waste
Air and noise pollution
Goods, services, wealth, sprawl

7

What are the inputs of a sustainable city?

Food goods
Conservation and use of renewable energy
People

8

What are the output of a sustainable city?

Reduced outputs and the recycling of inorganic waste eg paper, plastic etc

9

What are the social strategies for sustainability?

Green housing and buildings
Adequate school and healthcare provisions
Available food supplies

10

What are the economic strategies for sustainability?

Employment opportunities
Production and distribution of renewable energy

11

What are the environmental strategies for sustainability?

Energy efficiency
Waste and recycling management
Incorporating green space into areas

12

What are the political strategies for sustainability?

Adoption of green urban planning and design
Policies in place to force people to me more green

13

What is the population of Curitiba?

3 million

14

How was the Curitiba bus system improved?

A bus every 60 seconds
Prepaid tickets
Larger buses to carry more people

15

How are pollution levels reduced in the parks of Curitiba?

Sheep are used to cut the grass
Derelict land turned into green space

16

What is done for the poor in Curitiba?

If areas are cleaned, the government exchange their rubbish for food vouchers

17

How are the poor helped to buy houses?

Low interest mortgages are given to them and through 'self help' schemes

18

How do social challenges of urbanisation differ between developed and developing countries?

Developing countries must provide more housing, basic sanitation and infrastructure while developed countries face social cohesion and unemployment

19

What are some of the social urban trends?

More people living in cities
More people living in slums
Insufficient use of public services
Ageing

20

What are some of the economic urban trends?

Inequality and financial fragility
Food insecurity

21

What are some of the environmental urban trends?

Energy access
Climate change