✅CASE STUDY - City Challenge Flashcards Preview

AQA A Level Geography - HUMAN > ✅CASE STUDY - City Challenge > Flashcards

Flashcards in ✅CASE STUDY - City Challenge Deck (21)
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1

What is an example of city challenge?

The Hulme, Manchester

2

How many city challenge schemes took place between 1992 and 1998?

31

3

How much money was given by the government?

£1 billion

4

What issues did the Hulme have?

In early 19th century, overcrowding was an issue and poorly built social housing became common

5

When was the area cleared for redevelopment?

1960s

6

What was built to replace the 19th century social housing?

Tower blocks and tall buildings

7

How much was invested in the regeneration of the Hulme?

£37.5 million

8

How was housing changed?

Tower blocks demolished and a variety of new houses built, a mixture of council owned and private residences to provide for current residents and outside buyers

9

How was recreation changed?

The main shopping area was refurbished and an arts venue and community centre created

10

How was business and investment improved?

A business park was built to encourage private investment in the area

11

How has the population changed?

It grew by an estimated 3.2% between 1992 and 2002, compared to 0.2% in rest of city

12

How did unemployment change?

Fell from 32% to 6% in 20 years

13

What percentage of people still live in social housing?

47.5%

14

What aspects of the area have not changed?

House prices have alienated locals as gentrification occurs
Unemployment is still high compared to the rest of the city

15

How much higher than the national average were crime rates?

30x

16

What was the Hulme known as?

The most deprived area in Manchester

17

How has the scheme improved social aspects?

People feel safer as they look out for each other and neighbours get on, more privacy

18

How were the new houses better for the environment?

They were more energy efficient and conserved water better so the gas, electricity and water bills are lower

19

How many jobs were created?

53,000

20

How many new businesses were established?

3000

21

How successful was the project?

The local area was improved and the population increased but there are still people in poverty and the locals were priced out of the area