Flashcards in ✅CASE STUDY - City Challenge Deck (21)
What is an example of city challenge?
The Hulme, Manchester
How many city challenge schemes took place between 1992 and 1998?
How much money was given by the government?
What issues did the Hulme have?
In early 19th century, overcrowding was an issue and poorly built social housing became common
When was the area cleared for redevelopment?
What was built to replace the 19th century social housing?
Tower blocks and tall buildings
How much was invested in the regeneration of the Hulme?
How was housing changed?
Tower blocks demolished and a variety of new houses built, a mixture of council owned and private residences to provide for current residents and outside buyers
How was recreation changed?
The main shopping area was refurbished and an arts venue and community centre created
How was business and investment improved?
A business park was built to encourage private investment in the area
How has the population changed?
It grew by an estimated 3.2% between 1992 and 2002, compared to 0.2% in rest of city
How did unemployment change?
Fell from 32% to 6% in 20 years
What percentage of people still live in social housing?
What aspects of the area have not changed?
House prices have alienated locals as gentrification occurs
Unemployment is still high compared to the rest of the city
How much higher than the national average were crime rates?
What was the Hulme known as?
The most deprived area in Manchester
How has the scheme improved social aspects?
People feel safer as they look out for each other and neighbours get on, more privacy
How were the new houses better for the environment?
They were more energy efficient and conserved water better so the gas, electricity and water bills are lower
How many jobs were created?
How many new businesses were established?