✅Case Study - Coffee as a Commodity Flashcards Preview

AQA A Level Geography - HUMAN > ✅Case Study - Coffee as a Commodity > Flashcards

Flashcards in ✅Case Study - Coffee as a Commodity Deck (25)
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1

Where is the bean belt?

Between the tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, mostly around the equator

2

Which countries are the biggest coffee producers?

Brazil, Vietnam, Colombia, Indonesia and Ethiopia

3

What percentage of coffee production takes place in developing countries?

90%

4

In what conditions does coffee grow best?

15-30 degrees and 1500-3000mm rainfall

5

Where is the most coffee consumed?

Europe and North America

6

Where does coffee consumption mainly occur?

Developed, industrialised countries

7

Where has coffee consumption increased over the past few years?

Russia and China

8

Which countries are the biggest importers of coffee?

US, Germany and other EU countries

9

How much coffee is consumed around the world every year?

12 billion pounds

10

How does Fair Trade impact coffee growers?

To be Fair Trade certified, growers must pay heavy fees, so many small farmers are not certified, despite meeting or exceeding the standards

11

Which step has the highest profit margin in the chain?

The roasters

12

Why is the pricing of coffee an issue for growers?

They do not receive a fair price, and farmers don't benefit from the trade relationship created

13

Who is the current coffee market dominated by?

Four main TNCs

14

How have small coffee producers in Ethiopia been affected by free trade?

Public businesses have been privatised and restrictions on foreign ownership removed, so they have lost their share of world trade

15

Who benefits from coffee trade in its current form?

The roasters and retailers in developed countries as it is sold for a much higher price than by the farmers

16

How many people worldwide depend on coffee for their livelihoods?

25 million

17

How much is the global coffee market worth?

$42.5 billion

18

How many nations produce coffee?

49

19

What are the importances of coffee to HICs?

Service sector jobs in coffee chains
'Healthy' alternative to pubs in US and UK
Boosts other local shops as they target passing trade
Increasing market, fashionable

20

What are the importances of coffee to LICs?

Thousands employed in bean production
Single product economy in countries such as Colombia
Commodity in which they can trade with HICs

21

Which continent produces the majority of coffee?

South America

22

How has coffee production changed since the 1960s?

It has more than tripled

23

Which countries consume the most coffee per capita?

Finland, Norway, Denmark, Holland, Sweden

24

Why are Scandinavian countries the biggest consumers of coffee?

Taxes on alcohol, coffee is cheaper
Cold climates
Rich countries, disposable income

25

Why do some North African nations such as Egypt and Tunisia import more coffee than expected?

For tourist consumption