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Flashcards in Pre-practical Upper Limb Deck (42)
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1

What is the cavity of the shoulder joint called?

Glenoid cavity

2

What cartilage is found along the rim of the glenoid cavity?

Glenoid labrum

3

What bone acts as a link between the apical and axial skeletons?

Clavicle

4

What is the weakest pat of the shoulder capsule?

Inferior part

5

Name the ligaments supporting the shoulder capsule.

-Coraclavicular ligament
-Coracoacromial ligament
-Coracohumeral ligament
-Glenohumeral ligament

6

Which bursa is continuous with the synovial cavity of the shoulder cavity?

Subscapular bursa

7

Name the bursa of the shoulder joint.

-Subscapular bursa
-Subcoracoid bursa
-Subacromial bursa

8

Name the muscles of the rotator cuff.

-Subscapularis
-Supraspinatous
-Infraspinatous
-Teres minor

9

What is the scapula-humeral rhythm?

The scapula and humerus move in 1:2 ratio. When the arm is abducted 180 degrees, 60 degrees occurs by rotation of the scapula and 120 degrees by rotation of the humerus at the shoulder joint

10

What can scapular injury affect?

Movement at the shoulder joint

11

What movements can occur at the shoulder joint?

-Flexion and extension
-Medial and lateral rotation
-Abduction and adduction
-Circumduction

12

What are the movements of the scapula?

-Elevation
-Depression
-Adduction (retraction)
-Abduction (protraction)
-Upward rotation
-Downward rotation

13

What muscles are involved in depression off the scapula?

-Pec major
-Pec minor
-Latissimus dorsi

14

What muscles are involved in elevation of the scapula?

-Trapezius
-Levator scapulae
-Serratus anterior

15

What muscles are involved in retraction of the scapula?

-Trapezius
-Rhomboids
-Latissimus dorsi

16

What muscles are involved in protraction of the scapula?

-Levator scapulae
-Serratus anterior

17

What muscles are involved in external rotation of the scapula?

-Deltoid
-Teres minor
-Infraspinatous

18

What muscles are involved in internal rotation of the scapula?

-Deltoid
-Pec major
-Teres major
-Latissimus dorsi

19

What are the borders of the axilla?

Anterior
-Pectoralis major and minor

Medial
-Serratus anterior and thoracic wall

Posterior
-Scapularis, teres major and latissimus dorsi

Lateral
-Intertubercular sulcus

20

What muscles does the brachial plexus emerge between?

Anterior and posterior scalene muscles

21

What are the contents of the cubital fossa?

-Brachial artery
-Median nerve
-Biceps tendon
-Radial nerve

22

What are the borders of the cubital fossa?

Superior
-Imaginary line between epicondyles

Lateral
-Medial border of brachioradialis

Medial
-Lateral border of pronator teres

23

Name the parts of the superior ulna.

-Olecranon
-Trochlear notch
-Coronoid process
-Radial notch

24

Name the parts of the superior radius.

-Head
-Neck
-Radial tuberosity

25

What ligament holds the radius against the ulna?

Annular ligament

26

What are the superficial veins of the upper limb?

-Cephalic vein
-Basilic vein
-Dorsal venous arch

27

What does the dorsal venous arch drain into?

-Basilic vein (medial side)
-Cephalic vein (lateral side)

28

What is the course of the cephalic vein?

Pierces the clavipectoral fascia at the upper end of the deltopectoral groove to enter the axillary vein

29

What is the course of the basilica vein?

Pierces the fascia in the medial mid arm to join the venae commitants which together, at the inferior border of teres major becomes the axillary vein

30

Where is the radial pulse found?

Lateral to the tendon of flexor carpi radialis