Dislocations Flashcards Preview

Systems: MSK AB > Dislocations > Flashcards

Flashcards in Dislocations Deck (18)
Loading flashcards...
1

Dislocation

Complete joint disruption

2

Subluxation

Partial dislocation- not fully out of the joint

3

How are dislocations diagnosed?

-Clinical examination and x-ray (may show ligament and capsule damage)
-Identification of associated injuries

4

What can associated injuries of dislocations lead to?

Neurovascular compromise and damage

5

What can be the end result of dislocations?

Recurrent instability of the joint and stiffness

6

Name some common dislocations.

-Shoulder
-Elbow
-Hip
-Knee
-Ankle
-Subtalar joint

7

In which direction is the shoulder commonly dislocated

-Anteriorly
-Posteriorly

8

In which direction is the elbow commonly dislocated

Posteriorly

9

In which direction is the hip commonly dislocated

Posteriorly

10

In which direction is the knee commonly dislocated

Anteropost.

11

In which direction is the ankle commonly dislocated

Lateral more common

12

In which direction is the subtalar joint commonly dislocated

Lateral more common

13

What is the common deformity of shoulder dislocation?

-Squared off
-Locked in internal rotation

14

What is the common deformity of elbow dislocation?

Olecranon prominent posteriorly

15

What is the common deformity of hip dislocation?

Leg short, flexed, internal rotation and adducted

16

What is the common deformity of knee dislocation?

Loss of normal contour and extended

17

What is the common deformity of ankle dislocation?

Externally rotated with a prominent medial malleolus

18

What is the common deformity of subtalar joint dislocation?

Lateral displacement of os calcis