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Flashcards in Personality Disorders Deck (7)
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the essential feature of this disorder- is a pervasive pattern of instability in interpersonal relationships, self image, and affect, and marked impulsivity
-at least 5 characteristic symptoms must be present; frantic efforts to avoid abandonment; pattern of unstable, intense interpersonal relationship that are marked by fluctuations between idealization and devaluation; an identity disturbance involving a persistent instability in self image or sense of self; recurrent suicide threats or gestures;
-transient stress related paranoid ideation or severe dissociative symptoms

Borderline personality disorder


characterized by a pervasive pattern of social inhibition, feelings of inadequacy, and hypersensitivity to negative evaluation
-at least 4 characteristic symptoms must be met: avoids work activities due to fear of criticism, rejection, or disapproval; is unwilling to get involved with people unless certain of being liked; is preoccupied with concerns about being criticized or rejected; views self as socially inept, inferior, or unappealing to others

Avoidant Personality disorder


diagnosed in the presence of:
-pervasive social and interpersonal deficits involving acute discomfort with and reduced capacity for close relationships
-eccentricities in cognition, perception, and behavior as manifested by the presence of at least 5 symptoms: ideas of reference, odd beliefs, magical thinking, bodily illusions and other unusual perceptions, paranoid ideation or is suspicious, inappropriate or constricted affect, lacks close friends other than first degree relatives, excessive social anxiety

Schizotypal personality disorder


involves a pervasive pattern of detachment from interpersonal relationships and a restricted range of emotional expression in social settings with at least 4 characteristic symptoms:
-doesnt enjoy or desire close relationships, almost always chooses solitary activities, little interest in sexual relationships, takes pleasure in few activities, lacks close relationships other than first degree relatives, seems indifferent to praise or criticism, detachment and emotional coldness

Schizoid personality disorder


characterized by a pervasive pattern of emotionality and attention seeking as manifested by at least 5 characteristics
-discomfort when not the center of attention, inappropriately sexually seductive or provocative, rapidly shifting and shallow emotions, consistent use of physical appearance to gain attention, considers relationships to be more intimate than they are

Histrionic personality disorder


personality disorder that is pervasive, excessive need to be taken care of, which leads to being submissive; clingy behavior and intense fear of separation

Dependent personality disorder


characterized by:
persistent preoccupation with orderliness, perfectionism, and mental and interpersonal control that severely limits the individuals flexibility, openness and efficiency
-symptoms include: perfectionism that interferes with tasks completion; excessively devoted to work and productivity; reluctant to delegate work to others unless they are willing to do it his/her way; adopts a miserly spending style toward self and others

Obsessive-Compulsive Personality disorder