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Flashcards in Neurodevelopmental disorders Deck (22)
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What are the Neurodevelopmental disorders?

Autism Spectrum
Specific Learning disorder
TIC disorder


Diagnosis that A. persistent deficits in social communication & interaction across multiple contexts currently or by history; B. restrictive/repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, or activities (at least 2); C. symptoms must be present in the early developmental period; D. Symptoms cause sig. impairment to social, occupational, and other areas of functioning.

Autism Spectrum disorder


Diagnosis that, A: a persistent pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsitivity that interferes with functioning or development



How many months does one need to experience symptoms to meet the criteria for ADHD?

at least 6 months


How many symptoms does one need to have to meet ADHD criteria?

6 or more


If the client is 17 years or older, how many symptoms does he/she need to meet for ADHD criteria?

at least 5 symptoms


What are the 9 symptoms within the ADHD criteria?

1. often fails to give close attention to details or makes careless mistakes in school or at work..
2. often has difficulty sustaining attention in tasks or activities
3. often does not seem to listen when spoken to directly
4. often does not follow through on instruction and fails to finish school work
5. difficulty organizing tasks and activities
6. often avoids, dislikes or is reluctant to engage in tasks that require mental effort
7. often loses things
8. easily distracted
9. often forgetful in daily activities


How many symptoms to meet the hyperactivity and impulsivity criteria under ADHD?

6 or more for 6 months


What are the hyperactivity and impulsive symptoms for ADHD?

1. often fidgets with or taps hand or feet
2. often leaves seat when its expected to sit down
3. often runs about or climbs in situations where it's inappropriate
4. can't play in leisure activities
5. often on the go (uncomfortable staying still )
6. talks excessively
7. blurts out an answer before question
8. cannot wait on his/her turn
9. often interrupts or intrudes others


What age does hyperactivity/ impulsivity need to occur?

before age 12


How many settings does hyperactivity/impuls. need to be in?

2 settings; home and school for example


What are the 2 specifiers for ADHD?

predominantly inattentive or predominantly hyperactive-impulsive


Diagnosis that: A. Difficulties learning and using academic skills

Specific learning disorder


How many symptoms does one need to have to meet the diagnosis of Specific learning disorder?

at least 1 symptom for 6 months


What are the symptoms required to meet specific learning disorder?

1. inaccurate or slow and effortful work reading (difficulty sounding out)
2. difficulty understanding the meaning of what was read
3. difficulty spelling
4. difficulty with written expression
5. poor understanding of numbers;
6. difficulty with math reasoning


Specifiers for specific learning disorder?

Dyslexia or dyscalculia


A sudden, rapid, recurrent nonrhythmic motor movement or vocalization

Tic disorder


A diagnosis that has both motor and one or more vocal tics



How long does he/she need to experience Tourette's to meet criteria?

persisted for more than 1 year


What is the onset of Tourette's to meet criteria?

before the age of 18 yrs


Has a single or multiple motor or vocal tics that is present ; NOT both motor and vocal

Persistent motor or vocal tic disorder


dx that requires an inability to recall important personal information that cannot be attributed to ordinary forgetfulness and causes distress or impaired functioning
-often related to exposure to one or more traumatic events

Dissociative Amnesia