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What theory had a tx model that reflects its psychoanalytic roots by focusing on the INDIVIDUAL but also includes the transgenerational philosophy by considering the relationship to the family of origin
-primary goal was differentiation of the individual family members
-area of concern was the family unit
-doesnt require all family members to be present; does require understanding

Bowen theory


Who recommends that the therapist should: decrease the level of emotional reactivity and anxiety in the sessions and increasing an understanding of the specific part each individual plays in maintaining problems?



Type of therapist that uses :
Person to person relationships, coaching, and using I position

Bowen therapist


What type of theory uses, trust building, family resources, , and attends to four interacting dimension of individual and relational psychology?
-therapist may use genograms and verbal reports



type of therapist that uses multidirectional partiality, an advocate for everyone in the room, not impartial or neutral, makes demands on the family members, active guide, holding accountability for each family member

contextual therapist


What theory uses assessment that consist of determining feedback loops that govern the faulty behavior patterns?
-tx usually limited to 10 session
-first and second order change

MRI Brief


what type of theory uses assessment that insight, working through, transference, interpretation, and affect expressed
-look at the multiogenerational history, search for structure underlying the problem, look at the system as PARTS

Object relations


type of theory that looks at the multigenerational systemic patterns, uncovering and understanding the nature of their current behaviors and struggles as they relate to family of origin
-bringing the family of origin into session;goal is insight and working through

James Framo


Type of therapy that uses a six step procedure
-intro to tx set up
-definition of the problem
-estimation of behaviors maintaining the problem
-setting the goals for tx
-exploring previous attempts
-selecting and making behavioral interventions

MRI Brief


True or false: Transitions in the family life cycle are the most vulnerable to the development of problems?



True or false: Chronic symptoms are not a defect in the system but a problem that has been repetitively mishandled?



True or false: Change is effected most readily if the goals are relatively large and unclear stated

small and clear


True or false: brief therapy is not symptom oriented

False. It is symptom oriented


Type of therapy that terminates usually by end of 10 sessions



What theory is also interested in present behaviors and sequences of interactions?
they use strategic models to alter interations but ALSO change the structure of the family

Haley and Madanes model


Type of model that uses a four stage process
-Social stage
-problem stage
-interactional stage
-Goal setting stage

Hayley Madanes treatment


term: are directives that are aimed at making the symptom harder to keep than give up
-requires the clients to do something they do not want to do that would benefit them in some way



type of treatment that Madanes uses that helps to structure the parental system if the child is at the "top"
-parent is directed to request that his/her child intentionally perform the problem behavior



type of directive used by Madanes that directs parents to ask the child to pretend to have the symptom and the parents to pretend to help the child



type of model that treatment used a male-female dyad and observed by other team members
-had 5 parts
- presession, session, intersession, intervention, and post session discussion
-used positive connotations and rituals, hypothesizing, circularity and neutrality

Milan Model


True or false: Second order cybernetic conceives of the therapist and family as one unit



What type of model where accommodation, joining, enactment, mapping the system, intensity, shaping competence, unbalancing, and boundary making are a part of assessment and treatment?



type of models that have unstructured assessments
-focus is on the suppressed emotions and impulses that block the growth of fulfillment of individual family members
-focus is on the here and now
-assessment is automatic

Experiential model


What type of therapist uses existential encounters?
-willing to both receive the family members reactions to him/her and to full disclose his/her reactions to them



Type of model that finds that assessment starts at the "first phone call.."
-important to have the whole family is session
-"causes of the problem are circular, and the changes are circular as well.."
-assessment is the whole system as well-looking at the whole- the therapists own reactions is important
-therapist is the expert/coach; lots of personality and creativity used

Symbolic experiential -Whitaker


This model is not timed for termination or is there a specific number of sessions



type of model that is focused on changing the rules under which the system operates and changing the system as a result
-communication analysis, model analysis, and label or role function analysis



This type of model uses assessment and treatment to help clients shift from talking about problems to talking about solutions
-identify resources
-build successful past solutions to problems
-use miracle questions, exception questions, scaling

Solution focused model


the goal of this model is to:
diminish problem behaviors and increase positive behaviors
-interventions include, operant conditioning principles
-tx is time limited and symptom focused; problem concrete and measurable
-continued assessment

Behavioral models


term: identify the antecedents and consequences of the target behavior- design specifically to the client/s

functional analysis of behavior