Chapt 17-Psychopharmacology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapt 17-Psychopharmacology Deck (27)
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1

Antidepressants

depression

2

mood stabilizers

labile mood

3

hypnotics

sleep disturbances

4

anxiolystic

anxiety

5

antipsychotics and major tranquilizers

psychotic thinking/agitation

6

cognitive enhancers

dementia

7

psychostimulants

attention deficit

8

What are common antidepressants?

TCA's - tricylic antidepressants
atypical antidepressants
monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs)
selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)

9

type of antidepressant that: are slow to work but can help elevate mood, improve appetite, sleep patterns, and increase physical activity
Side affects include: sedation, dry mouth, blurred vision, and confusion
-unlikely to be abused but an overdose can be fatal
names: Tofranil, Norpramin, Elavil, Pamelor

TCA's

10

type of antidepressant that: developed in the 1970s and 1980s to overcome the disadvantages of TCA's
-names: Ludiomil, Asendin (amoxapine), Desyrel (trazadone)
-have fewer disadvantages than TCAs

Atypical antidepressants

11

type of antidepressant that: have life threatening side effects when combined with foods that contain tyramine- by product of fermentation
-must avoid foods like aged cheese, wines, beers, liver, some beans, and soybeans.
-considered safe despite the restrictions- safer than TCAs
-tx of choice for those who respond poorly to TCAs or SSRIs

MAOIs

12

type of antidepressant that: developed when the discovery of the correlation between diminshed amounts of seratonin and episodes of depression
-block the reuptake of serotonin from the nerve- increases the amount of available seratonin in the body
-improve mood and have few side effects
-common names: Prozac, Zoloft, Paxil, Anafranil, Effexor, Luvox, and Celexa
-side effects: headache, upset stomach, sexual dysfunction, nervousness, and insomnia.
-can also be used for panic disorder and social phobias in both adults and children

SSRIs

13

What type of medication is used for labile mood?
-mood stabilizer
-used for bipolar disorder
-high levels can be toxic/patients must be followed closely
-patients need to be highly motivated
-other names: Depakote or Tegretol can be added

Lithium

14

What type of medication is used for sleep disturbances?

Benzodiazepines

15

Benzos can also treat? and is the most common med to treat

anxiety disorders

16

Names of Benzos?

Dalmane, Restoril and Halcion

17

Can addiction and withdrawal occur if someone is taking Benzos?

YES

18

Names of anxiety Benzos?

Valium, Xanax, and Librium

19

Antipsychotic medications are also referred to as?

neuroleptics

20

Most commonly used neuroleptic and for the tx of psyhosis?

Phenothiazines
-Thorazine, Stelazine, Mellaril, Prolixin
-should be monitored closely by psychiatrist or NP

21

What side effect can occur while on phenothiazines?

extrapyramidal symtoms (EPS)
-slowed movements, fixed facial expression, termors, and parkinsonian-like gait

22

Other medications as alternatives to phenothiazines?

Haldol, Risperdal, Clozaril, Zyprexa, and Seroquel
-less side effects

23

Names of medications for the treatment of ADHD?

Ritalin, Dexedrine or Cylert

24

infection with the human immonodeficiency virus (HIV)- slow growing virus that often has a delay between the time of infection and the onset of symptoms
-long term illness

AIDS

25

What type of Milan systemic approach is thought to be useful for a patient dealing with AIDS?

circular questioning
-can help families consider the choices ahead

26

What are the most common STDs?

Gonorrhea
Chlamydia
Syphillis
Herpes
Genral Warts
Trichomoniasis

27

How can therapists help an individual, family, or couple work through an STD?

-coping
-education/obtaining information
-informing current sex partners/potential sex partners