Chapt 14- Human Development Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapt 14- Human Development Deck (47)
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1

Term: an enduring pattern of perceiving, relating to, and thinking about the environment and oneself

Personality

2

term: prominent aspects of personality that are exhibited in a wide range of important and personal contexts

personality traits

3

"goal of human behavior is simply to reduce the tension created by the accumulation of too much energy and to restore a state of equilibrium..." Who said..?

Freud

4

Human sexual energy is referred to as..?

libido

5

human behavior then is motivated by the need to satisfy innate drives or ...?

Eros -life force sexual expression

6

Freud refers "death instinct, aggressive tendencies as what?

Thantos

7

What are the 5 psychosexual development?

oral, anal, phallic, latency, and genital

8

What are the 3 parts of personality according to Freud?

id, ego, and superego

9

term: the oldest and original function of the personality and the basis of the other two
-operates according to the pleasure principle
-motivated by seeking immediate gratification; impulsive, irrational, and reflecive

Id

10

term: mediating between the id and the environment
-is the executive of the personality and follows the reality principle; can initiate or delay gratification of the sexual drive

Ego

11

term: last structure to develop, introjected and internalized values, ideals, and moral standards of society
-consists of the conscience and the ego-ideal
-strives for perfection, crates feelings of guilt

Superego

12

For a mature, healthy, adult....Freud pointed out that what governs what?

ego governs and controls the id and the superego
-constant battle to maintain a balance between the needs of the drives and the demands of the world

13

What did Freud believe in how personality disorders developed?

the id or the superego gaining control

14

What did Erik Erikson's psychosocial stages focus on?

adds to the impact of society and also extended development in mature adulthood
-each stage has a "crisis" or developmental task
-personality traits arise out of difficulties at the various stages

15

What are the 8 psychosocial stages of Erik Erikson's theory?

1. oral sensory
2. muscular-anal
3. locomotor-genital
4. latency
5. puberty and adolescence
6. young adulthood
7. adulthood
8. maturity

16

What is the developmental task for oral sensory?

basic trust vs. mistrust

17

what is the developmental task for muscular -anal?

autonomy vs shame and doubt

18

What is the developmental task for locomotor-genital?

initiative vs. guilt

19

What is the developmental task for latency?

industry vs. inferiority

20

what is the developmental task for puberty and adolescence?

identity vs. role confustion

21

What is the developmental task for young adult hood?

intimacy vs. isolation

22

what is the developmental task for adulthood?

generativity vs. stagnation

23

what is the developmental task for maturity?

ego identity vs. despair

24

What is Carl Jung theory on personality?

believed personality is a network of interacting systems that strive toward eventual harmony

25

What are the primary structural components of Carl Jungs personality theory?

-ego- conscious perception of self
-personal unconscious
-collective unconscious

26

term: the residue of human evolutionary development shared by all people and consisting of archetype or universal thought forms and potential ways of being

collective unconscious

27

term: "penetrate into consciousness by means of myths, dreams, art, ritual, and symptoms.."

archetypes

28

What did Alfred Adler believe about personalities?

that people's personalities are shaped by their need to belong and to be recognized
-develop a subjective understanding of what the world is like

29

Adler believed that neurosis resulted due to?

unrealistic goals, overcompensation for feelings of inferiority, and lack of social interest

30

Karen Horney stated that personality is formed as ...?

people develop defenses to permit them to cope and to minimize basic anxiety
-anxiety is created by social forces rather than by the human
-feelings of rejection, worthlessness, and hostility results in basic anxiety..