Flashcards in Chapt 14- Human Development Deck (47)
Term: an enduring pattern of perceiving, relating to, and thinking about the environment and oneself
term: prominent aspects of personality that are exhibited in a wide range of important and personal contexts
"goal of human behavior is simply to reduce the tension created by the accumulation of too much energy and to restore a state of equilibrium..." Who said..?
Human sexual energy is referred to as..?
human behavior then is motivated by the need to satisfy innate drives or ...?
Eros -life force sexual expression
Freud refers "death instinct, aggressive tendencies as what?
What are the 5 psychosexual development?
oral, anal, phallic, latency, and genital
What are the 3 parts of personality according to Freud?
id, ego, and superego
term: the oldest and original function of the personality and the basis of the other two
-operates according to the pleasure principle
-motivated by seeking immediate gratification; impulsive, irrational, and reflecive
term: mediating between the id and the environment
-is the executive of the personality and follows the reality principle; can initiate or delay gratification of the sexual drive
term: last structure to develop, introjected and internalized values, ideals, and moral standards of society
-consists of the conscience and the ego-ideal
-strives for perfection, crates feelings of guilt
For a mature, healthy, adult....Freud pointed out that what governs what?
ego governs and controls the id and the superego
-constant battle to maintain a balance between the needs of the drives and the demands of the world
What did Freud believe in how personality disorders developed?
the id or the superego gaining control
What did Erik Erikson's psychosocial stages focus on?
adds to the impact of society and also extended development in mature adulthood
-each stage has a "crisis" or developmental task
-personality traits arise out of difficulties at the various stages
What are the 8 psychosocial stages of Erik Erikson's theory?
1. oral sensory
5. puberty and adolescence
6. young adulthood
What is the developmental task for oral sensory?
basic trust vs. mistrust
what is the developmental task for muscular -anal?
autonomy vs shame and doubt
What is the developmental task for locomotor-genital?
initiative vs. guilt
What is the developmental task for latency?
industry vs. inferiority
what is the developmental task for puberty and adolescence?
identity vs. role confustion
What is the developmental task for young adult hood?
intimacy vs. isolation
what is the developmental task for adulthood?
generativity vs. stagnation
what is the developmental task for maturity?
ego identity vs. despair
What is Carl Jung theory on personality?
believed personality is a network of interacting systems that strive toward eventual harmony
What are the primary structural components of Carl Jungs personality theory?
-ego- conscious perception of self
term: the residue of human evolutionary development shared by all people and consisting of archetype or universal thought forms and potential ways of being
term: "penetrate into consciousness by means of myths, dreams, art, ritual, and symptoms.."
What did Alfred Adler believe about personalities?
that people's personalities are shaped by their need to belong and to be recognized
-develop a subjective understanding of what the world is like
Adler believed that neurosis resulted due to?
unrealistic goals, overcompensation for feelings of inferiority, and lack of social interest