Flashcards in Chapt 6- Experiential models Deck (54)
What is the goal of experiential therapy?
to unblock honest emotional expression in families and to open individuals to their inner experience
"helping them to be more fully human"
-therapists, known for authenticity and self disclosure
-HERE AND NOW experience
What qualities do "healthy people" have according to Whittaker?
grow up in an atmosphere that supports their feelings, natural creativity, and individual growth
What qualities do healthy people have according to Satir?
nuture and open communication; talk candidly and listen to one another, give affection, and genuinely care
What qualities do dysfunctional families have?
avoidance of feelings; supress awareness and the expression of impulses; seek safety rather than growth; orient toward the past and the future, and not the present
-individuals- incapable of autonomy or spontaneity; low self esteem and destructive communication patterns
How is assessment work?
unstructured; focus is on the suppressed emotions and impulses that block the growth and fulfillment of individual family members
-focus on here and now experience
How is the treatment belief for experiential therapy?
belief that people are naturally creative, loving, and productive if they are free from constraint
What is the therapist role for tx?
serves as a model; supporting and confronting family members
-participates fully; active and directive
Who are the practitioners of experiential models?
Greenberg & Johnson; Kempler (Gestalt), Levant (client centered )
What are some techniques used in exp?
Family structure; family art therapy, symbolic drawing of life space, and role playing
What did Whitaker advocate in therapy?
have a co therapist- to help counterbalance and with countertransference reactions
Some experiential therapist don't do a family history, who did?
when the therapist decides who should attend and asssumes the position of leader in order to block the family patterns of behavior- what term?
battle for structure
when the therapist communicates that the responsibility for the treatment belongs to the family- what term?
battle for initiative
How many generations did Whitaker in Symbolic therapy require?
2 or 3 generations in therapy
Assimilation and accommodation, regression and reintegration are what?
the processes of change
"Intimacy and separateness are..." what?
-ex: as one increases so must the other
Craziness in dysfunctional families falls in to 3 categories- what are they?
"driven crazy"- a member has been driven outside the family
"going crazy"-intensified version of therapeutic neurosis
"acting crazy"-member regresses in to crazy behavior when faced with intolerable anxiety
How does assessment go for symbolic therapy?
assessment begins with the first telephone contact
-includes the largest system available -whole system and subsystems
-therapists own responses are important (level of anxiety, physical sensations.."
What is the goal of symbolic therapy?
to establish the members a senses of belongingness and simultaneously to provide the freedom to individuality
-seek to increase creativity or "craziness"
What are the 10 general goals according to Whitaker and Keith?
-increase the level of stress
-develop a family nationalism
-expand relationship with extended family
-expand relationships with culture and comm.
-develop a sense of family boundaries
-separate the generations
-learns to play as a family
-develop a we-they, therapist-family split
-explode the myth of individuality
-allow each member to become him/herself
therapist adopting the language, accent, rhythm, or posture of the family- what term?
What is the single most important factors in successful treatments?
therapists personality and psychological health
What was the effectiveness of sympbolic approach?
had little empirical outcome data
What were some problems in the treatment for symbolic?
therapists can become so much a part of the family they can't help change it; can fail to acknowledge their own anxiety or stress; mixing culture; misuse of valid techniques
What type of model did Virginia Satir use?
Human Validation process model
What did Satir assume about humans?
that humans strive for growth and potential; people want to be whole, authentic, sensitive, and genuine with one another.
According to Satir, symptoms were the result of.....?
A Satir technique, that helped clients experience the different parts of their personalities and enable them to see how they operate as an integrate whole
What were Satir's 5 styles of communication?
placating, avoiding, blaming, computing, and leveling