Nervous System diseases-Hypersensitivity Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Nervous System diseases-Hypersensitivity Deck (94)
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1

Form of headache and is the primary disorder of the brain caused by dysfunction of brainstem papthway.

Migraine

2

Cause of migraine

Stress

3

The most common demyelinating disease

Multiple sclerosis

4

A demyelinating disease of the CNS due to damage of white mater.

Multiple sclerosis

5

Most common affected nerve in multiple sclerosis

CN II

6

a relative afferent pupillary defect indicating a decreased pupillary response to light in the affected eye

marcus-gunn

7

Multiple sclerosis triad

Scanning speech
Intention tremor
Nystagmus

8

Dancing eyes

Nystagmus

9

A demyelinatingdisease of PNS in which myelin sheath of neurons is damaged

Guillain-barren syndrome

10

Most common complication after parotidectomy due to damaged of auriculotempora nerve

Frey syndrome

11

Other name for Frey syndrome

Gustatory sweating

12

Sign of frey syndrome

Sweating while eating on the temporal area

13

characterized by rapid degeneration of motor neurons in the spinal cord

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

14

Pathognomonic sign of Amyotropic Lateral sclerosis

Hatchet-Face

15

Appearance of the face in anxiety reaction

Hatchet-face

16

The most common cause of dementia due to degeneration of neurons in the brain.

Alzheimer's disease

17

The most common affected part of the brain in alzhaimer's disease is

Hippocampus

18

Characterized by degeneration of neurons in the basal ganglia leading to deficiency in dopamine in CNS

Parkinson's disease

19

Histologic finding in Parkinson's disease

Lewy bodies in substancia nigra

20

Treatment of Parkinson's disease

L-dopa with carbidopa

21

Complication in taking medicines for Parkinson's disease

Schizophrenia

22

Disease that cuases dementia characterized by the degeneration of striatal neurons, affecting cortical and basal ganglia function.

Huntington' disease

23

Disease due to an infacrt of the parts of the brain

Stroke

24

Other name for stroke

Cerebral infarction
Cerebrovascular accident

25

Signs and symptoms of stroke

Sudden paralysis and numbness of the body (contralateral)

26

What is the most common structure involved in stroke?

Middle cerebral artery

27

Other name for middle cerebral artery

Lenticulostriae

28

What is the origin of stroke?

Deep vein thrombosis

29

Types of hypersensitivity reactions

Anaphylaxis
Cytotoxic type
Immune-complex
Delayed/cell-mediated hypersensitivity

30

Mediator of Type1 hypersensitivity

IgE