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Flashcards in Endocrine system Deck (173)
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1

System that produces hormones and made up of glands.

Endocrine system

2

The functional unit of a gland

Adenomere

3

These are the primary chemical messenger of cell signaling molecules

Hormones

4

Hormones derived from AMINES

Thyroid hormones
Epinephrine
Norepinephrine
Dopamine

5

Hormones derived from Peptide and Protein

Insulin
Glucagon
Prolactin
ACTH
Parathyroid hormones

6

Hormones derived from STEROID

Cortisol
Aldosterone
Estrogen
Progesterone
Testosterone

7

Side effect of STEROID

Immunosuppressants

8

It is the master's gland.

Pituitary gland

9

Other name for pituitary gland

Hypophyseal gland

10

Location of Pituitary gland

Sella turcica of Sphenoid bone

11

Pituitary gland is covered by

Diaphragm sella

12

Part of pituitary gland derived from ECTODERM (Rathke's pouch)

Anterior pituitary gland

13

Other name for Ant. Pituitary gland

Adenohypophysis

14

Adenohypophysis is derived from

Oral cavity

15

Pathology: Calcified tissue seen in adenohypohysis resembles?

Tooth tissues

16

Development site if adenohypophysis

Rathke's pouch tumor

17

rare type of brain tumor derived from pituitary gland embryonic tissue that occurs most commonly in children, but also affects adults.

Craniopharyngioma

18

3 germ layers

Ectoderm
Mesoderm
Endoderm

19

The release of hormone in adenohypophysisis regulated by?

Hypothalamic (vascular) portal system

20

Hormones in Hypothalamic (vascular) portal system has 2 types of hormone

Releasing hormone
Inhibitory hromone

21

What are the acidic hormones?

Growth hormone (Somatotropin)
Prolactin

22

What are the basic hormones?

FSH
LH
ACTH
TSH
beta -ENDORPHIN

23

Target organs for GH.

Long bones
Liver
Adipose tissue

24

Effects of GH on the target organs.

Stimulation of growth
Metabolism of CHO and lipids

25

Hormone that produces milk

Prolactin

26

Target organ of prolactin

Mammary gland

27

Male have prolactin but inhibited by?

Hypothalamus

28

What trimester during pregnancy prolactin starts to produce milk?

2nd trimester

29

PROLACTIN is the predominant inhibitory hormone by?

Dopamine

30

It is associated with release of Growth Hormone

Positive Nitrogen Balance