Flashcards in Skeletal System Deck (191)
Is the functional unit of skeletal system
Osteon/ Haversian system
How many bones present in infant?
Adult - 206
Amount of calcium found in bones
Calcium is mainly absorbed in what organ?
Reason why there is reduced amount of bones in adult compared to children.
Ossification of hyaline cartilages in between bone resulting to fusion of some bones
The mature cells that produces the BONE
The immature cells that produces the BONE MATRIX
The only multi-nucleated giant cell that destroys the bone
What components are present in BONE MATRIX?
COLLAGEN TYPE 1
Hydroxyapatite crystals is the result of what minerals?
Calcium + Phosphate
Houses osteocyte and osteoblast except osteoclast.
Houses the osteoCLAST
Howship's may refer to?
Multinucleated giant cell
It is the lifelong process where mature bone tissue is removed and replaced by new bone
It is the process of REMOVING bone need to be remodeled.
It is the process of producing NEW BONE MATRIX
Bone remodeling involves what cells?
OsteoBLAST and OsteoCLAST
Type of bone that mainly contributes in GROWTH
Examples of bone that belongs to LONG BONE
Shaft of Long bones is called?
Found between Diaphysis and Epiphysis
Proximal and distal that marks the growth of the long bone
What serves as the main site in growth?
Hormone involve in growth
What process marks the end of growth?
Closure of EPIPHYSEAL PLATE
Examples of SHORT BONES
carpals and tarsals
Examples of FLAT BONE
ilium, scapula sternum and ribs
Examples of IRREGULAR BONE
Vertebrae, Facial bones, sphenoid, temporal and ethmoid
Type of bone that is incorporated to a tendon of a muscle.