Respiratory Diseases Flashcards Preview

Dental Boards Review > Respiratory Diseases > Flashcards

Flashcards in Respiratory Diseases Deck (90)
Loading flashcards...
1

What are some respiratory diseases?

Pneumonia
Tuberculosis
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Bonchiectasis
Atelectiasis
Asthma
Pneumoconioses
Cystic fibrosis
Respiratory Acidosis
Respiratory alkalosis

2

Which lung more common affected by pneumonia?

Right lung

3

Common reason why right lung is prone to pneumonia

Anatomy of primary bronchu

4

Sign and symptoms of Pneumonia

High grade fever of 105F and above
cough with mucus
chills
feeling tired
low appetite
dyspnea

5

Types of Pneumonia

Lobar
Bronchopneumonia
Community-acquired pneumonia
Hospital-acquired pneumonia
Atypical pneumonia
HIV/AIDS-related pneumonia
Viral pneumonia

6

type of pneumonia in which the infection may spread through entire lobe

Lobar pneumonia

7

Causative agent of lobar pneumonia

Strep pneumonia

8

type of pneumonia in which the infection may spread through distal airways, extending from the bronchioles and alveoli

Bronchopneumonia

9

causative agent og bronchopneumonia

Staphylococcus aureus

10

causative agent for Community-acuired pneumonia

Streptococcus pneumonia

11

causative agent for Hospital acquired pneumonia

Staphylococcus aureus

12

causative agent for atypical pneumonia?

mycoplasma pneumonia

13

causative agent for HIV/AIDS RELATED PNEUMONIA

Pneumocystis carinii (oppurtunistic)

14

medication for HIV/AIDS

Pentamidine and cotrimaxole

stop taking if 800 CD4 or more is achieved

15

what causes viral pneumonia

It results to interstitial pulmonary inflammation

16

Diseases caught in a hospital setting is called

Nosocomial

17

HIV virus left untreated will result to?

AIDS

18

normal CD 4 amount in the body

800 to 1200

19

CD 4 amount indicating HIV

CD 4 below 200

20

smallest bacteria

Mycoplasma pneumonia

21

Sputum test resulting to a RUSTY(reddish brown) sputum indicates

Streptococcus pneumonia

22

Sputum test resulting to a Yellow/ Green sputum indicates

Pseudomonas aeruginosa

23

Sputum test resulting to a jelly-type sputum indicates

Klebsiella pneumonia

24

Number 1 causative agent that causes pneumonia in alcoholic patient

Klebsiella pneumonia

25

Respiratory disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis which infects the MACROPHAGES o the lungs

Tuberculosis

26

TB in lungs is commonly located at what portion of the lung?

Base of the lung

27

Sign ans symptom of TB

Fever
Cough that lasts for more than 3 weeks
cough with blood
chest pain
Weight loss
Fatigue
Night sweats
Chills

28

Radiographic findings of TB

Coin lesion : Ghon's complex, Ghon's focus

29

Primary coin lesion in children with TB is called?

Ghon's complex

30

Primary coin lesion in adult with TB is called?

Ghon's focus