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Flashcards in AMINO ACID - MINERALS Deck (154)
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1

It is the basic structural unit of protein

Amino acid

2

All amino acid found in proteins are in what configuration?

L-configuration

3

Proteins are bind together by?

PEPTIDE bonds

4

Peptide bonds are chemical bond between what two molecules?

alpha-CARBOXYL group of one molecule reacts with alpha-AMINO group.

5

What are the ESSENTIAL amino acids?

Phenylalanin
Valine
Threonine
Tryptophan
Isoleucine
Methionine
Histidine
Arginine
Leucine
Lysine

6

Amino acids that can be synthesized in the body are called?

Non-essential amino acids

7

What are the Non-essential amino acids

Alanine
Asparagine
Aspartate
Cysteine
Tyrosine
Glycine
Glutamic acid
Glutamin
Proline
Serine

8

Amino acid used for ketogenesis are said to be? examples are

Ketogenic such as Leucine and Lysine

9

Amino acid used for gluconeogenesis are said to be? examples are

Glucogenic such as
Alanine
Cysteine
Glycine
Serine
Glutamate
Glutamine
Histidine
Arginine
Proline
Aspartate
Asparagine
Methionine
Valine

10

Amino acids that are both ketogenic and glucogenic

Isoleucine
Tryptophan
Phenylalanine
Tyrosine
Threonine

11

Non-polar amino acid divided into three

Aliphatic
Aromatic
Sulfur containing

12

Polar amino acid divided into two

Basic
Acidic

13

Aliphatic amino acids

Glycine
Alanine
Valine
Leucine
Isoleucine
PROLINE (CYCLIC)

14

Aromatic amino acids

Phenylalanine
Tryptophan
Tyrosine

15

Sulfur containing amino acids

Methionine
Cysteine
Serine
Threonine

16

Basic amino acid

Lysine
Arginine
Histidine

17

Acidic amino acid

Aspartate
Glutamate

18

Amino acid produced by the body in sequence

Methionine
Phenylalanine
Glycine
Serine
Glycine
Tryptophan
Histidine
Phenylalanine

19

The 7th amino acid produced by the body

Histidine

20

Amino acid that is the precursor of thyroid hormones and dopamine

Tyrosine

21

Amino acid that is the precursor of Tyrosine

Phenylalanine

22

Amino acid that is the precursor of NIACIN, SEROTONIN, and MELATONIN

Tryptophan

23

Amino acid that is the precursor of GABA

Glutamate

24

Amino acid that is the precursor of PORPHYRINS

Glycine

25

Amino acid that is the precursor of Histamine

Histidine

26

Protein that contains Gkycine, Alanine, and Proline

Elastin

27

most abundant protein in the body

Collagen

28

Amount of proline and lysine in collagen

Lysine 1/3
Proline 2/3

29

It is the coenzyme essential for normal amino acid synthesis.

Pyridoxal phosphate

30

The most neurotransmitter in the brain.

GABA