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Flashcards in Accessory of GI Tract Deck (55)
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1

The largest inernal organ with 8 segments.

LIVER

2

The most versatile cell in liver

HEPATOCYTE

3

Liver stores what ions

Iron
Copper
GLUCOSE
FATS
Vitamin A

4

Storage form of Iron

Ferritin

5

transfer of ferritin from liverto blood via

Transferrin

6

form of iron that binds to hemoglobin to carry oxygen

Ferrous

7

form of iron that binds to hemoglobin but cannot carry oxygen

ferric

8

Mineral that synthesizes of hemoglobin

COPPER

9

Vitamin A (retinol) is for?

essential for collagen formation (tooth)

10

Storage form of Vitamin A

Retinyl esters

11

Part of the liver which is the discontinued endothelial lining with capillaries in between which forms the SPACE OF DISSE

SINUSOIDAL

12

Sinusoidal cell in liver that produces TRIGYLCERIDES

Lipocyte

13

Sinusoidal cell in liver that stores FATS and Vitamin A (retinol)

Ito cell

14

Litorialcell is found?

Sinusoidal part of liver

15

Part of liver that is found in Lesser omentum ligament

Portal triad

16

Other name for lesser omentum ligament

Gastrohepatic

17

Portal triad contains?

Hepatic artety
Portal vein
Bile duct

18

Ligament in liver that connects to the anterior abdominal wall

Falciform

19

Ligament in liver that connects to the 1st part of duodenum

Hepatoduodenal

20

Ligament in liver that connects to the stomach and 1st part of duodenum

Gastrohepatic

21

Ligament in liver that is the remnant of umbilical vein

Ligamentum teres

22

This process involves hydrolysis of Arginosuccinate

Urea cycle

23

The most abundant component of urine.

Urea

24

Degraded carbohydrates enters what cycle?

Urea cycle

25

Gluconeogenesis involves what enzyme?

glucose-6-phophatase

26

Cholesterol synthesis involves what enzyme?

Acetyl-coA

27

Other name for cholesterol synthesis

Mevalonate pathway

28

Pentose phosphate pathway (PPP) involves what enzyme?

glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase

29

Albumin synthesis is for?

bloodplasma

30

Other use of albumin

binding site of a drug