Genito-Urinary Disease Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Genito-Urinary Disease Deck (28)
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1

Inflammation of glomerulus caused by Streptococcus pyogenes

Glomerulonephritis

2

Caused by damage to the clusters of small blood vessels in the kidneys

Nephrotic syndrome

3

Signs and symptoms of nephrotic syndrome

Proteinuria
Lipiduria
Hypoalbuminemia
Hyperlipidemia

4

marker of nephrotic syndrome

Proteinuria

5

Damaged glomerulus

Nephritic syndrome

6

Signs and symptoms of nephritic syndrome

Hematuria
Oliguria
Edema
Azotemia

7

Reason why there's hyperlipedemia in nephrotic syndrome

Complensate of liver

8

Oliguria means?

Decreased urine output

9

Increase urea and creatinine means

Azotemia

10

Normal Blood Urine and Nitrogen in the blood

7-18 mg/dL

11

normal creatinine value in the blood

0.6 - 1.2 mg/dL

12

Autosomal dominant characterized by the formation of cysts in RENAL PARENCHYMA

Polycystic kidney disease

13

Polycystic kidney disease is associated with?

Berry Aneurysm

14

Framework of an organ

Parenchyma

15

Berry aneurysm affects what blood vessel?

Anterior communicating artery

16

A cancer of the kidney that typically occurs in children

Wilm's tumor

17

Urinary disease commonly caused by Escherichia coli

Urinary Tract Infection

18

A bacterial infection that affects the renal tubules, interstitium and renal pelvis

Pyelonephritis

19

A bacterial infection in Urinay bladder

Cystitis

20

A bacterial infection in urethra

Urethritis

21

Most common UTI

Cystitis

22

Characterized by failure of the Proximal convoluted tubules

Fanconi syndrome

23

There are formation of stones in kidney which results to Oliguria

Nephrolithiasis

24

Nephrolithiasis is associated with?

Hyperparathyroidism

25

Component in kidney that increases stone formation

Calcium and Sodium

26

It is caused by hardening of the walls of small arteriess and arterioles of the kidneys

Nephrosclerosis

27

Nephrosclerosis is most commonly related to?

Hypertension

28

Sclerosis means?

hardening